Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A self-governing incorporated town in some U.S. states, such as New Jersey.
  • n. One of the five administrative units of New York City.
  • n. A civil division of the state of Alaska that is the equivalent of a county in most other U.S. states.
  • n. Chiefly British A town having a municipal corporation and certain rights, such as self-government.
  • n. Chiefly British A town that sends a representative to Parliament.
  • n. A medieval group of fortified houses that formed a town having special privileges and rights.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A fortified town
  • n. A town or city.
  • n. A town having a municipal corporation and certain traditional rights.
  • n. An administrative district in some cities, e.g., London.
  • n. An administrative unit of a city which, under most circumstances according to state or national law, would be considered a larger or more powerful entity; most commonly used in American English to define the five counties that make up New York City.
  • n. Other similar administrative units in cities and states in various parts of the world.
  • n. A district in Alaska having powers similar to a county.
  • n. An association of men who gave pledges or sureties to the king for the good behaviour of each other.
  • n. The pledge or surety thus given.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. In England, an incorporated town that is not a city; also, a town that sends members to parliament; in Scotland, a body corporate, consisting of the inhabitants of a certain district, erected by the sovereign, with a certain jurisdiction; in America, an incorporated town or village, as in Pennsylvania and Connecticut.
  • n. The collective body of citizens or inhabitants of a borough.
  • n. An association of men who gave pledges or sureties to the king for the good behavior of each other.
  • n. The pledge or surety thus given.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. Formerly, a fortified town, or a town possessing municipal organization; also, a town or city in general.
  • n. In England: A corporate town possessing a regularly organized municipal government and special privileges conferred by royal charter: usually called a municipal borough.
  • n. A town having the right to send one or more representatives to Parliament: usually called a parliamentary borough.
  • n. In Connecticut, Minnesota, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania, an incorporated municipality less populous than a city and differently governed: in general, corresponding to town in other States.
  • n. A shelter or place of security.
  • n. At Richmond in Yorkshire, England, and perhaps other northern old corporate towns, a property held by burgage, and formerly qualifying for a vote for members of Parliament.
  • n. An obsolete form of burrow.
  • n. An obsolete form of borrow.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. an English town that forms the constituency of a member of parliament
  • n. one of the administrative divisions of a large city

Etymologies

Middle English burgh, city, from Old English burg, fortified town; see bhergh-2 in Indo-European roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Old English burh, from Proto-Germanic *burgz (“stronghold, city”). Cognate with Dutch burg, German Burg, Swedish borg, French bourg, Persian bur. (Wiktionary)

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