Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • intransitive v. To be in a state of intimate, heightened sensitivity and receptivity, as with one's surroundings: hikers communing with nature.
  • intransitive v. To receive the Eucharist.
  • n. A relatively small, often rural community whose members share common interests, work, and income and often own property collectively.
  • n. The people in such a community.
  • n. The smallest local political division of various European countries, governed by a mayor and municipal council.
  • n. A local community organized with a government for promoting local interests.
  • n. A municipal corporation in the Middle Ages.
  • n. The revolutionary group that controlled the government of Paris from 1789 to 1794.
  • n. The insurrectionary, socialist government that controlled Paris from March 18 to May 28, 1871.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A small community, often rural, whose members share in the ownership of property, and in the division of labour; the members of such a community.
  • n. A local political division in many European countries.
  • n. The commonalty; the common people.
  • v. To be together with; to contemplate or absorb.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. Communion; sympathetic intercourse or conversation between friends.
  • n. The commonalty; the common people.
  • n. A small territorial district in France under the government of a mayor and municipal council; also, the inhabitants, or the government, of such a district. See Arrondissement.
  • n. Absolute municipal self-government.
  • n. a group of people living together as an organized community and owning in common most or all of their property and possessions, and sharing work, income, and many other aspects of daily life. Such sommunities are oftten organized based on religious or idealistic principles, and they sometimes have unconventional lifestyles, practises, or moral codes.
  • intransitive v. To converse together with sympathy and confidence; to interchange sentiments or feelings; to take counsel.
  • intransitive v. To receive the communion; to partake of the eucharist or Lord's supper.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To converse; talk together familiarly; impart ideas and sentiments mutually; intérchange thoughts or feelings.
  • To partake of the eucharist or Lord's supper; receive the communion: a common use of the word in America and in Wales.
  • To cause to partake of the eucharist.
  • n. Familiar interchange of ideas or sentiments: communion; intercourse; friendly conversation.
  • n. In general, a community organized for the protection and promotion of local interests, and subordinate to the state; the government or governing body of such a community.
  • n. Specifically The smallest administrative division of France, governed in its local affairs by a mayor and municipal council; a municipality or township.
  • n. The people or body of citizens of a commune.
  • n. In Russia, the community of peasants in a village. See mir.
  • n. A committee or body of communalists who in 1871 ruled over Paris for a brief period after the retirement of the German troops, but were suppressed, after severe fighting and much damage to the city, by troops under the authority of the National Assembly of France. See communalism.
  • n. A Middle English form of common.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. communicate intimately with; be in a state of heightened, intimate receptivity
  • n. the smallest administrative district of several European countries
  • v. receive Communion, in the Catholic church
  • n. a body of people or families living together and sharing everything

Etymologies

Middle English comunen, to have common dealings with, converse, from Old French communer, to make common, share (from commun, common; see common) and perhaps from Old French communier, to share in the Communion (from Late Latin commūnicāre, from Latin, to communicate; see communicate).
French, independent municipality, from Old French comugne, from Medieval Latin commūnia, community, from neuter of Latin commūnis, common; see mei-1 in Indo-European roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From French commune. (Wiktionary)
From Old French comuner ("to share"). (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • Have I not forced them to give up what they called their commune, for the whole duration of my life? '

    Historical Tales, Vol. 6 (of 15) The Romance of Reality. French.

  • Next he and Joe Stanley will once again commune on their beloved NAMBLA website and dream of little boys.

    What Happens When Gerry Connolly Gets on Email

  • It was called a commune by journalists, but in reality was far from that.

    In the Frame

  • The new bishop thought that the establishment of a commune sworn to by both the rival parties might become a sort of compact of alliance between them, and he set about realizing this noble idea before the word commune had served at Noyon as the rallying cry of popular insurrection.

    A Popular History of France from the Earliest Times, Volume 2

  • Pro feris, quas cura hominum non aluit, sed Deus in commune mortalibus ad utendum concessit, pauperes a potentioribus spoliantur, flagellantur, ergastulis detruduntur, et multa alia patiuntur.

    The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire

  • As for Vernon (Koresh) not being a viable target outside the commune, that is bull.

    Some Thoughts on Jackbooted Thugs

  • As readers will know, B-BBC is an anarcho-syndicalist commune aka a broad church, and some of my fellow contributors - like David, above - are firmly of the opinion that the Corporation should be abolished and 'the market decide'.

    Archive 2009-08-28

  • "I do not know about Europe, with its own traditions and concepts, but I feel that, for Asia, the commune is a real discovery ..."

    Norodom Sihanouk's Memoirs: A Review

  • This sudden rise from the subordinate office which he held in the commune is a demonstration of his power within the insurrectionary party.

    Archive 2008-02-10

  • The noble caste who ran the Italian cities attained the ability to determine their own collective destiny in a form of government called the commune.

    Delizia!

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