American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A Mediterranean plant (Cynara cardunculus) closely related to the artichoke, cultivated for its edible leafstalks and roots.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A thistle.
- n. The Cynara Cardunculus, a perennial plant belonging to the same genus as the artichoke, and somewhat resembling it. It is a native of the countries bordering the Mediterranean. Its thick fleshy stalks and the ribs of its leaves are blanched and eaten in Spain and France as a vegetable.
- n. Cynara cardunculus, a prickly perennial plant with impressive purple flowers.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Bot.) A large herbaceous plant (Cynara Cardunculus) related to the artichoke; -- used in cookery and as a salad.
- n. only parts eaten are roots and especially stalks (blanched and used as celery); related to artichokes
- n. southern European plant having spiny leaves and purple flowers cultivated for its edible leafstalks and roots
- Middle French cardon, from Medieval Latin cardon, singular form of cardo, from Latin carduus ("thistle"). (Wiktionary)
- Middle English cardoun, from Old French cardon, from Old Provençal, from Late Latin cardō, cardōn-, from Latin carduus, wild thistle. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Now the cardoon is the European artichoke run wild and its character somewhat altered in a different soil and climate.”
“The Cook's Garden: Seeds and plants for gourmet gardeners, with 110 pages of heirlooms, herbs and quirky vegetables such as cardoon and orange cauliflower.”
“Texas celery" is sometimes listed as a name variation for "cardoon," but "Texas celery" appears only very rarely in print.”
“We recognize the wonderfully painted peaches and pear suggesting the fleshy cheeks and nose of "Vertumnus" (c. 1590), note his peapod eyelids and cardoon moustache, then fleetingly manage to see this paean to abundance as a portrait of the robust Rudolph II, before losing ourselves in cabbage leaves, olives, a blackberry eye, and the glistening cherries of his protruding Hapsburg lip.”
“I did buy a cardoon last year and had it in a large pot, it was a big disappointment, nothing like the one shown in this post.”
“After seeing your garden, I do believe the cardoon would be totally out of scale, although maybe in a giant pot of some sort.”
“I love the impressive size of the cardoon, must be the kid in me ? haha”
“I particularly like the last photo of the blue flowering plant cardoon? with what looks like dragon fruit in the background. catmint said this on January 19, 2009 at 4:44 am | Reply”
“John-It looks to me like the comment from c.c. above is the work of a knowledgeable cardoon grower.”
“I tried to ascertain just when cardoon season was, and ended up weeping in frustration.”
These user-created lists contain the word ‘cardoon’.
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Looking for tweets for cardoon.