from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A cuttlefish; a decacerous or decapodous cephalopod of the order Dibranchiata, having a pen-shaped internal skeleton or cuttle-bone, as in the genus Loligo and related forms.
- n. The internal skeleton, cuttle-bone, gladius, or pen of a calamary.
- n. Also called calambar.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. (Italian cuisine) squid prepared as food
Sorry, no etymologies found.
Compared with one another, the teuthis, or calamary, is long-shaped, and the sepia flat-shaped; and of the calamaries the so-called teuthus is much bigger than the teuthis; for teuthi have been found as much as five ells long.
Molluscs are all carnivorous; and of molluscs the calamary and the sepia are more than a match for fishes even of the large species.
Molluscs are best in the breeding time, as the calamary, the sepia, and the octopus.
The male calamary differs from the female; for if its gill-region be dilated and examined there are found two red formations resembling breasts, with which the male is unprovided.
The female calamary spawns at sea; and it emits the spawn, as does the sepia, in the mass.
From one single egg comes one single sepia; and this is likewise true of the young calamary.
Of those swimming creatures that appear to have feet, as is the case with the molluscs, these creatures swim by the aid of their feet and their fins as well, and they swim most rapidly backwards in the direction of the trunk, as is the case with the cuttle-fish or sepia and the calamary; and, by the way, neither of these latter can walk as the poulpe or octopus can.
Of molluscs the sepia is the most cunning, and is the only species that employs its dark liquid for the sake of concealment as well as from fear: the octopus and calamary make the discharge solely from fear.
There is another genus of the hard-shell kind, which is called oyster; another of the soft-shell kind, not as yet designated by a single term, such as the spiny crawfish and the various kinds of crabs and lobsters; and another of molluscs, as the two kinds of calamary and the cuttle-fish; that of insects is different.
The calamary and the cuttle-fish are short-lived, as, with few exceptions, they never see the year out; and the same statement is applicable to the octopus.
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