American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A spur or spurlike projection, such as one found on the base of a petal or on the wing or leg of a bird.
- n. A furnace formerly used in glassmaking for calcination of materials into frit.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In botany, a spur; a hollow projection from the base of a petal or sepal; the nectary (nectarium) of Linnæus.
- n. In anatomy, a projection into the posterior horn of the lateral ventricle of the brain of man and some other mammals; the calcar avis or hippocampus minor.
- n. In ornithology, a spur. The horny process, with a bony core, borne upon the lower and inner part of the shank of sundry gallinaceous birds, as the turkey, pheasant, domestic cock, etc. It is of the same nature as a claw, or as the horns of cattle, but differs from a claw in being an offset from the side of a bone, not at the end of a phalanx. There is sometimes a pair of spurs, one above the other, on each shank, as in the genus Polyplectron. (See cut under
calcarate.) Spurs are commonly developed only in the male sex, not passing a rudimentary condition, if found at all, in the female. (See cut under tarsometatarsus.)
- n. In Rotifera, a spur-like setigerous process more or less closely attached to the single ganglion of these animals, near the trochal disk.
- n. In Chiroptera, a slender elongated bone or cartilage upon the inner side of the ankle-joint, assisting in the support of the patagium.
- n. [capitalized] [NL.] In entomology, a genus of atracheliate beetles, of the family Tenebrionidæ.
- n. [capitalized] [NL.] In conchology, a genus of mollusks.
- n. The spur forming part of any ceremonial costume.
- n. In glass-works, an oven or furnace for calcining the materials of frit, prior to melting. Also called fritting-furnace.
- n. In metallurgy, an annealing-arch or -oven.
- n. In entomology, one of the spines at the tips of the tibiæ of certain insects, especially the Hymenoptera. Also called spur.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Glass manuf.) A kind of oven, or reverberatory furnace, used for the calcination of sand and potash, and converting them into frit.
- n. (Bot.) A hollow tube or spur at the base of a petal or corolla.
- n. (Zoöl.) A slender bony process from the ankle joint of bats, which helps to support the posterior part of the web, in flight.
- n. A spur, or spurlike prominence.
- n. A curved ridge in the floor of the leteral ventricle of the brain; the
calcar avis, hippocampus minor, or ergot.
- From the Italian calcara ("lime-kiln"). (Wiktionary)
- Latin, spur, from calx, calc-, heel.Italian calcara, from Late Latin calcāria (fornāx), lime(-kiln), from Latin, feminine of calcārius, of lime; see calcareous. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“II i 217-18 'uatibus addere _calcar_/ut studio maiore petant Helicona uirentem'.”
“A particularly fine example of the use Ovid makes of differing levels of diction is found at 35-38: excitat auditor studium, laudataque uirtus crescit, et immensum gloria calcar habet. hic mea cui recitem nisi flauis scripta Corallis, quasque alias gentes barbarus Hister obit?”
“The fissures comprise the choroidal and hippocampal already described, and two others, viz., the calcarine and collateral, which produce the swellings known respectively as the calcar avis and the collateral eminence in the ventricular cavity.”
“On its medial wall is a longitudinal eminence, the calcar avis (hippocampus minor), which is an involution of the ventricular wall produced by the calcarine fissure.”
“The anterior part of this fissure gives rise to the prominence of the calcar avis in the posterior cornu of the lateral ventricle.”
“The calcar avis and bulb of the posterior cornu are extremely variable in their degree of development; in some cases they are ill-defined, in others prominent.”
“Immensum gloria calcar habet [Glory possesses an immeasurable stimulus].”
“Now what climate conditions would the world have had to have, in the year 1100AD, in order for the South Western Baltic sea to be several degrees warmer than it is today, so that this Diatom, Pseudosolenia calcar-avis, could survive there.”
“During thefe operations, quantities of yellow Ailphu - reous copper ore were foi»nd, of near 40 per cent, purity, mixt With fulphur and calcar.”
Internet Archive: Topographia hibernica : or The topography ofIreland, antient and modern. Giving a complete view of the civil and ecclesiastical state of that kingdom; with its antiquities, natural curiosities, trade, manufactures, extent and population
“H vidorio - lam globo inipoiiram, pede d. drt 'conis toTtuoO caput calcar, in srei hinc R. inde M. infra COM0&”
These user-created lists contain the word ‘calcar’.
Turned this up on etymonline.com (link). It's amazing.
1937, coined in the fantasy tales of J.R.R. Tolkien (1892-1973).
On a blank leaf I scrawled: 'In a hole...
A hodgepodge, jumble, jambalaya, *gallimaufry, circus and tent revival of plant anatomy and morphology terms and phrases - its a big tent, and no tickets are required.
For stuff to simply reside.
My collection of words that are intriguing, but don't fit my other lists.
Looking for tweets for calcar.