from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. An antibiotic, C11H12Cl2N2O5, derived from the soil bacterium Streptomyces venezuelae or produced synthetically and effective against a broad spectrum of microorganisms.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A broad-spectrum antibiotic originally derived from the bacterium Streptomyces venezuelae but now produced synthetically
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. an oral antibiotic (trade name Chloromycetin) used to treat serious infections (especially typhoid fever)
In the surgical intensive care unit where patient 9 had been sent, the hospital was conducting a drug trial of an older antibiotic called chloramphenicol.
The agency says the antibiotic, called chloramphenicol, is not approved for use in food, animal feed, or food-producing animals in the United States.
Also, antibiotics such as chloramphenicol will inhibit the mitochondrial ribosome and the ribosomes of bacteria, but they won’t affect the function of the ribosomes in the cytosol of your cells.
In 2002, 154,000 pounds of Chinese honey contaminated with chloramphenicol, banned in Australia, Canada, Europe, New Zealand and the United States because it treats anthrax but is known to cause bone marrow failure through aplastic anemia -- turned up in our grocery stores, unknowingly.
The first problem with that is some Chinese honey is "tainted with banned antibiotics" such as ciprofloxacin and chloramphenicol.
New antibiotics followed in the footsteps of penicillin: chloramphenicol in 1947, tetracycline in 1948.
When the MRSA strain passed from patient 9 to patient 10 in an adjacent intensive-care bed, it picked up resistance to chloramphenicol as well.
Tetracyclines and chloramphenicol are also effective.
The compound, named Chloromycetin, or chloramphenicol, was the first of the broad-spectrum antibiotics to work against previously untreatable diseases such as typhoid, typhus and Rocky Mountain spotted fever.
Ampicillin and trimethoprim-sulfonamide have been used successfully in the treatment of infections caused by chloramphenicol-resistant strains.
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