Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Any of several trees and shrubs of the genus Cinchona, native chiefly to the Andes and cultivated for bark that yields the medicinal alkaloids quinine and quinidine, which are used to treat malaria.
  • n. The dried bark of any of these plants. Also called Jesuit's bark, Peruvian bark.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. Any of several South American trees, of the genus Cinchona, cultivated for its medicinal bark.
  • n. The bark of these trees, that yields quinine alkaloids used to treat malaria.

Etymologies

New Latin Cinchona, genus name, reputedly after Francisca Henríquez de Ribera (1576-1639), Countess of Chinchón.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Named (by Linnaeus) after the Countess of Chinchón, who was cured of a fever by the bark while in Peru and brought a supply of it back to Europe. (Wiktionary)

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