from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. Any of several trees and shrubs of the genus Cinchona, native chiefly to the Andes and cultivated for bark that yields the medicinal alkaloids quinine and quinidine, which are used to treat malaria.
- n. The dried bark of any of these plants. Also called Jesuit's bark, Peruvian bark.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. Any of several South American trees, of the genus Cinchona, cultivated for its medicinal bark.
- n. The bark of these trees, that yields quinine alkaloids used to treat malaria.
The name cinchona is derived from that of the wife of a viceroy of Peru, who is said to have taken the drug from South America to Europe in
This explains the fact that the above-named branches of science all possess an extensive literature on cinchona, which is accessible for purposes of comparison to those who care to study the subject in detail.
On the coasts of New Andalusia, the cuspa is considered as a kind of cinchona; and we were assured, that some Aragonese monks, who had long resided in the kingdom of New Grenada, recognised this tree from the resemblance of its leaves to those of the real Peruvian bark-tree.
On the coasts of New Andalusia, the cuspa is considered as a kind of cinchona; and we were assured, that some Aragonese monks, who had long resided in the kingdom of New Grenada, recognised this tree from the resemblance of its leaves to those of the real
Powdered bark from the cinchona tree, found only on the eastern slopes of the Peruvian Andes, contained alkaloids that checked malaria.
Fortunately, the group was traveling through the very region that is home to the fabled cinchona tree—the "fever tree," as the natives called it—whose bark is the source of quinine, used as a treatment.
But because of cultural differences and a dearth of long-range radio transmitters those initiatives also ended up being small-time, such as fake surrender orders from their commanders dropped on Japanese troops in Burma or rumors spread that their quinine, which comes from the cinchona, was made from the worthless bark of other trees.
From the South American cinchona trees, the drug quinine was derived to help fight the mosquito-borne disease -- malaria.
He further discovered that by diluting the amount of the mother tincture, or active ingredient, which is a remedy in pure form or strength, and shaking the remedy, known as succussing or potentization, that the remedy would be effective in treating an illness for someone who presented a symptom picture of a particular disease, as in the case of the above cinchona bark.
In 1790, Dr. Samuel Hahnemann discovered homeopathy by taking numerous doses of a particular substance (in this case, cinchona bark, used to treat malaria) and developing the symptoms of malaria.
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