American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. The circular movement of a limb such that the distal end of the limb delineates an arc.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A leading about.
- n. In anatomy, the act of circumducting a limb. See circumduct, 2.
- n. In old English law, an annulling; cancelation.
- n. The circular (or, more precisely, conical) movement of a body part, such as a ball-and-socket joint or the eye. It consists of a combination of flexion, extension, adduction, and abduction. "Windmilling" the arms or rotating the hand from the wrist are examples of circumductive movement.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. rare A leading about; circumlocution.
- n. rare An annulling; cancellation.
- n. (Physiol.) The rotation of a limb round an imaginary axis, so as to describe a conical surface.
- n. a circular movement of a limb or eye
- Latin circumductiō, circumductiōn-, act of leading around, from circumductus, past participle of circumdūcere, to lead around : circum-, circum- + dūcere, to lead; see deuk- in Indo-European roots. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Also, there exists lameness which is characterized by an apparent inability to flex the leg, and there is circumduction of the leg as it is advanced because in this way little if any flexion of the carpus (which increases pain) is necessary.”
“The movements admissible in joints may be divided into four kinds: gliding and angular movements, circumduction, and rotation.”
“The movements permitted in this joint are flexion, extension, abduction, adduction, and circumduction.”
“The movements are the same as in the preceding form; that is to say, flexion, extension, adduction, abduction, and circumduction are allowed; but no axial rotation.”
“In this form of joint, an ovoid articular surface, or condyle, is received into an elliptical cavity in such a manner as to permit of flexion, extension, adduction, abduction, and circumduction, but no axial rotation.”
“This articulation admits of a limited amount of motion in nearly every directionupward, downward, backward, forward, as well as circumduction.”
“In this articulation the movements permitted are flexion and extension in the plane of the palm of the hand, abduction and adduction in a plane at right angles to the palm, circumduction, and opposition.”
“The movements of the hip are very extensive, and consist of flexion, extension, adduction, abduction, circumduction, and rotation.”
“The movements which occur in these joints are flexion, extension, adduction, abduction, and circumduction; the movements of abduction and adduction are very limited, and cannot be performed when the fingers are flexed.”
“The movements permitted in the vertebral column are: flexion, extension, lateral movement, circumduction, and rotation.”
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