Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A branching, treelike diagram in which the endpoints of the branches represent specific species of organisms. It is used to illustrate phylogenetic relationships and show points at which various species have diverged from common ancestral forms.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A branching treelike graphical representation of the phylogenetic relationships between organisms showing which taxa have branched from common ancestors.
  • n. A phylogenetic tree that is strictly the outcome of a cladistic analysis.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a tree diagram used to illustrate phylogenetic relationships

Etymologies

Greek klados, branch + -gram.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)

Examples

  • The data may come from shared characteristics, but a cladogram is a representation of hypothesized evolutionary relationships.

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  • Do you understand that every point on every line in a cladogram is a separate species that also has/had the potential of branching?

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  • The cladogram is made by arbitrarily "placing things in the same group," But then, it is * tested* against the evidence.

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  • A cladogram is a tree diagram, and can be refigured as a nested hierarchy if grouped by branch and stem.

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  • A cladogram is a nested hierarchy that represents hypothesized evolutionary relationships.

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  • A cladogram is a nested hierarchy that represents hypothesized evolutionary relationships

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  • The accompanying cladogram is a highly simplified attempt at depicting this consensus.

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  • A cladogram is a branching diagram that reflects Characters - states and coding methods the relationships among taxa in a series of dichotomous Characters have different possibilities, or states; for branches.

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  • But, there is a fundamental problem with an area cladogram which is that by definition a cladogram shows branching structure.

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  • For studies using inbred mouse lines, a cladogram which is a hierarchical grouping based on phylogenetic analysis of strain relatedness can be created to subdivide inbred strains into more genetically homogenous subgroups.

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