American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A transparent, often yellowish, viscous oleoresin obtained from South American trees of the genus Copaifera in the pea family, used in certain varnishes and as a fixative in some perfumes.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The balsam or resinous juice flowing from incisions made in the stem of a plant, Copaifera officinalis, and several other species of the genus, growing in Brazil, Peru, and elsewhere. See Copaifera. It has a peculiar aromatic odor, and a bitterish, persistently acrid, and nauseous taste. It consists of an acid resin dissolved in a volatile oil which has the composition and general chemical properties of oil of turpentine, but with a higher boiling-point. The balsam is used in medicine, especially in affections of the mucous membranes. It is also employed in the arts, as a medium for verifiable colors used in china-painting. Also called
- n. An oleoresin, from South American trees of the genus Copaifera, used in varnishes, ointments and as a perfume fixative.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Med.) A more or less viscid, yellowish liquid, the bitter oleoresin of several species of Copaifera, a genus of trees growing in South America and the West Indies. It is stimulant and diuretic, and was formerly much used in affections of the mucous membranes. It is also used in varnishes and lacquers, and in cleaning oil paintings. -- called also
balsam of copaiba, copaiba balsam, balsam capivi, and Jesuits' resin.
- n. an oleoresin used in varnishes and ointments
- Spanish, from Portuguese copaíba, from Tupi cupaiba. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“It still smells very much like gin and tonic, but with the addition of a few elements that make it a little more complex: lemon leaf, orris root CO2, litsea cubeba, lime and copaiba balsam.”
“Any out-patients 'room will furnish abundant instances of exact symmetry in the eruptions of eczema, lepra, and psoriasis; in the deformities of chronic rheumatism, the paralyses from lead; in the eruptions excited by iodide of potassium or copaiba.”
“If balsam of copaiba is made use of, the index of refraction of which is 1.50, a symmetrical field of about 24° will be obtained.”
“At the same time the first medicines advised are stopped and oleoresin of cubebs, five grains, or copaiba balsam, ten grains -- or both together -- are to be taken three times daily after meals, in capsules, for several weeks, unless they disturb the digestion too much.”
“Canada balsam may be substituted for balsam of copaiba where the smell of the latter is objectionable, but the ink then dries very quickly.”
“A Recipe for Making Printers 'Inks. -- For black ink: Take of balsam of copaiba (pure), 9 ounces; lamp black, 3 ounces; indigo and Prussian blue, of each half an ounce; Indian red, 3/4 ounce; yellow soap (dry),”
“One-half ounce balsam copaiba, one-quarter ounce liquorice powder, one-half drachm piperine.”
“_Dipterocarpus_, chiefly _D. turbinatus_, which has the odour and properties of copaiba and has been used for the same purposes.”
“Rubber, copaiba, tolu, and vegetable ivory  are gathered by Indians from the forests.”
“Dr. Enderson of Glasgow employed it in cases that received no benefit from copaiba, giving a teaspoonful t.i. d. in emulsion.”
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