Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A name of various diseases of the throat or windpipe, attended with inflammation, swelling, and difficulty of breathing and swallowing, as cynanche parotidæa, tonsillaris, trachealis, etc.
- n. medicine Any disease of the tonsils, throat, or windpipe, attended with inflammation, swelling, and difficulty in breathing and swallowing.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Med.) Any disease of the tonsils, throat, or windpipe, attended with inflammation, swelling, and difficulty of breathing and swallowing.
- Latin, from Ancient Greek a dog's collar, a bad kind of sore throat. Compare quinsy. (Wiktionary)
“Quinsy is called cynanche, from the Greek words, _kuon_, a dog, and _ancho_, to strangle, because the distressed patient is compelled by the swollen state of his highly inflamed throat, to gasp with his mouth open like a choking dog.”
“And in defluxions upon the throat, from which are formed hoarseness, cynanche, crysipelas, and pneumonia, all these have at first saltish, watery, and acrid discharges, and with these the diseases gain strength.”
“(_Asperula cynanchica_), so called from the Greek _cynanche_, which means quinsy, because an excellent gargle may be made from this herb for the troublesome throat affection here specified, and for any severe sore throat.”
“He has a good deal to say with regard to the treatment of angina, which he calls synanche, or synanchia, or cynanche, or angina.”
“Dr. Balies, of Massachusetts, found it highly serviceable in cynanche maligna: he used a decoction of the roots both internally and locally, and these beneficial results have been corroborated by others.”
Resources of the Southern Fields and Forests, Medical, Economical, and Agricultural. Being also a Medical Botany of the Confederate States; with Practical Information on the Useful Properties of the Trees, Plants, and Shrubs
“He continued to keep up the cuckoo sound, trying to laugh, and yet totally unable to accomplish even a cackle, as if some internal force clutched the diaphragm and mocked him, so that his efforts were reduced to a gurgling as in cynanche -- like a dog choking with a rope round his craig, the sounds coming jerking out in barks, and dying away again in yelps and whines.”
“In the genus cynanche of the latter, are placed the common sthenic or inflammatory sore throat, or cynanche tonsillaris, and the putrid or gangrenous sore throat, the cynanche maligna: the former is a sthenic disease; the latter one of the greatest debility; yet they have the same generic name.”
“The peripneumony is very fatal to young children, especially as I believe it is frequently mistaken for a spasmodic asthma, or for the croup, or cynanche trachealis of Cullen.”
“But as the inflammation is seldom I suppose confined to the upper part of the trachea only, but exists at the same time in other parts of the lungs, and as no inflammation of the tonsils is generally perceptible, the uncouth name of cynanche trachealis should be changed for _peripneumonia trachialis_.”
“Attending physicians could not agree whether his condition was cynanche, an inflammation of the throat that was believed to require powerful remedies, or something that would require less radical therapeutic interventions than those his physicians had prescribed.”
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