Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A genus of baboons, of the family Cynopithecidæ. It formerly included all those baboons to which the term “dog-faced” was applied, from the extremely prognathous jaws, giving a canine physiognomy; but it is now restricted to exclude the drill, mandrill, etc. The common baboon is C. babuin, inhabiting northerly parts of Africa, where it lives in troops in rocky places. In this species the tail is about one third the whole length. Closely related are the chacma, C. porcarius, of South Africa, and the sphinx baboon, C. sphinx, of West Africa. The hebe or hamadryad, C. hamadryas, of Abyssinia, differs in having long hair on the head and shoulders, and a shorter tail, only about one fourth of the total length. Cynocephalus is nearly a synonym of Papio, of prior date.
- n. [lowercase] A dog-faced baboon.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. the type genus of the family
- n. type genus of the family Cynocephalidae
“The monkey, called cynocephalus, plunders the harvests, the vultures attack the sick animals, the striped hyoena and the leopard prowl about the villages during the night; but the cattle are extremely beautiful, and the fish make the sea on this coast boil, and foam by their extraordinary numbers.”
“It is usually the hideous Abyssinian cynocephalus which is tamed by the ape-leader popularly called Kuraydati (Lane, M.E., chaps. xx.).”
“The Thylacinus cynocephalus, or the Tasmanian Tiger, was the largest living mammalian carnivore in Australia until it recently became extinct.”
“The recently extinct marsupial thylacine Thylacinus cynocephalus, also known as the Tasmanian Tiger, was the largest living mammalian carnivore in Australia.”
“The mammal fauna of the forests and forest margins includes yellow baboon (Papio cynocephalus), red-footed squirrel (Funiscurius pyrrhopus), blue duiker (Cephalophus monticola), and bushpig (Potamochoerus porcus), but has been severely reduced through hunting.”
“Other relatively widespread mammals include yellow baboon Papio cynocephalus, leopard Panthera pardus, spotted hyaena Crocuta crocuta, the largest population of wild dog Lycaon pictus (EN, ~1,300) in Africa.”
“Another species, the thylacine Thylacinus cynocephalus (Ex), is thought to be extinct, having been last recorded in 1936, but there are unconfirmed reports of its continued survival.”
“The more open grasslands and heathlands contain fewer mammal species, with the klipspringer (Oreotragus oreotragus), sable antelope (Papio cynocephalus), eland (Taurotragus oryx) and hyraxes (Procavia capensis) being the most conspicuous.”
“The 48 mammal species include Chacma baboon Papio cynocephalus ursinus, 5 species of carnivora including the blackbacked jackal Canis mesomelas, ardwolf Proteles cristatus and serval Felis serval, 11 species of artiodactyla and 16 species of rodentia, 11 of which last are endemic to South Africa.”
“Perhaps the most renowned of these is the largest marsupial carnivore, the Tasmanian thylacine (Thylacinus cynocephalus), which was hunted to extinction by European settlers.”
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