Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A crustacean of the order Decapoda, such as a crab, lobster, or shrimp, characteristically having ten legs, each joined to a segment of the thorax.
  • n. A cephalopod mollusk, such as a squid or cuttlefish, having ten armlike tentacles.
  • adj. Of or relating to the Decapoda or a decapod.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adj. Having ten legs.
  • n. Any of various animals having ten legs or similar appendages, especially mollusks such as squid and cuttlefish.
  • n. Any crustacean, of the order Decapoda, such as crabs or lobsters.
  • n. A nickname for either the 0-10-0 or 2-10-0 train configurations. Sometimes capitalized.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A crustacean with ten feet or legs, as a crab; one of the Decapoda. Also used adjectively, .

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • Having ten feet, as a crustacean, or ten rays or arms, as a cephalopod; pertaining to the Decapoda in either sense. Also decapodal, decapodous.
  • n. In Crustacea, a decapodous or ten-footed crustacean, as a crab, lobster, shrimp, or prawn; one of the Decapoda.
  • n. In Mollusca, a decacerous or ten-armed cephalopod; one of the Decapoda.
  • n. Also, rarely, decapode.
  • n. In mech., a ten-wheeled locomotive; strictly, a locomotive having eight driving-wheels and a single truck: a type used for hauling heavy freight-trains.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. crustaceans characteristically having five pairs of locomotor appendages each joined to a segment of the thorax
  • n. cephalopods having eight short tentacles plus two long ones

Etymologies

From New Latin Decapoda, order name : deca- + -poda, -pod.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
deca- + -pod (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • The French embassy said a year-long research of fauna conducted in the deep-sea and coastal ecosystems of Panglao Island resulted in the discovery of over 1,200 species of decapod or 10-legged crustaceans and some 6,000 species of mollusks.

    Archive 2007-02-01

  • To put it in perspective, the whole decapod crustacean (shrimp or prawn) fauna of Japan barely exceeds 1,600 species.

    Archive 2007-02-01

  • Annotated checklist of marine decapod Crustacea from Shark Bay, Western Australia.

    Shark Bay, Australia

  • Saint-Paul, U., 1999a: The contribution of estuarine decapod larvae to marine macrozooplankton communities in Northeast Brazil.

    North Brazil Shelf large marine ecosystem

  • Carcinization as an underlying synapomorphy for the decapod crustacean taxon Meiura.

    All that matters

  • Project SQUID was named after the jet-propelled decapod of the sea.

    John B. Fenn - Autobiography

  • Assuming the Vilenjji believed the evidence of their own electronic eyes, they could reasonably come to no other conclusion than that the small quadruped and decapod were both demised and in the process of being digested.

    Lost And Found

  • “Do you suppose the great decapod-the gods rot his tentacles for the nets he has torn and the catches he has stolen-do you suppose he lives anyplace else?”

    Hokas Pokas

  • To-day the modern automobile somewhat resembles, in its outlines, across between a decapod locomotive and a steam fire-engine, or at least something concerning the artistic appearance of which the layman has very grave doubts.

    The Automobilist Abroad

  • They dig somewhat after the manner of the fluviatile long-tailed decapod crustaceans, of the genera

    The Last of the Plainsmen

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Comments

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  • *guffaw*

    April 30, 2009

  • HA HA HA!! I just saw yarb's comment... tee heeeee!

    October 20, 2008

  • Judging by its lust for salt-beef, I would say O'Brian's creature is in fact five Newfoundlanders.

    March 14, 2008

  • Could this be...?

    March 14, 2008

  • "...he turned to the most interesting and most recent creature, a decapod that had fixed the terrible hooks and suckers of its long arms into the net of salt beef towing over the side to get rid of at least some of the salt before the pieces went into the steep-tub—had fixed them with such obstinate strength that it had been drawn aboard."
    --O'Brian, The Wine-Dark Sea, 84–85

    March 14, 2008