from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A slow or difficult labour or delivery.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. Difficult delivery pr parturition.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In pathology, difficult parturition. Also dystokia.
Shoulder dystocia occurs when a baby's head is delivered through the vagina, but his shoulders get stuck inside the mother's body.
It goes without saying that the foaling should be attended if at all possible in order to recognize any problems during the delivery, such as dystocia (difficult birth) or premature separation of the placenta.
Injuries happen when delivery teams don't act quickly enough to deal with sudden unexpected events like shoulder dystocia, which occurs when the baby's shoulder gets stuck behind the mother's pubic bone.
Induced labor also is linked to: a higher incidence of vacuum or forceps-assisted vaginal delivery; problems in labor, including fever and shoulder dystocia when the baby's shoulder gets "stuck" in the birth canal; fluctuations in fetal heart rate; jaundice; and longer hospital stays.
Maternal Cesarean section for delivery due to the presence of a large SCT to avoid tumor rupture or dystocia (arrest of labor from too large a baby)
Babies born to obese women face a higher risk of death, stillbirth, congenital abnormality, shoulder dystocia – where a baby's shoulder becomes stuck during birth – and an increased likelihood of childhood obesity.
Called shoulder dystocia, this is easily treated after birth.
Your baby may have trouble breastfeeding and is three times more likely to die in the first year of life than a full-term baby.2 Elective inductions increase the use of medication, including epidurals, and also the incidence of non-reassuring fetal heart rate patterns, shoulder dystocia, instrument delivery, and cesareans.3
Elective labor induction not only increases the use of analgesia and epidural anesthesia but also the incidence of nonreassuring fetal heart rate patterns, shoulder dystocia, instrument delivery, and cesarean surgery Goer et al., 2007.
Suspected macrosomia is not an indication for induction, and induction for suspected macrosomia does not reduce the incidence of shoulder dystocia and is associated with an increased risk of cesarean Sanchez-Ramos, Bernstein, & Kaunitz, 2002.
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