from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. intercalary
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Remaining over as a part of one period after the completion of another.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
These so-called epagomenal days were undoubtedly introduced at a very early period.
Just to contribute my share of pedantry to the thread, I thought I'd note that such outside-the-calendar intervals are called epagomenal days.
Osirian cycle were born during the epagomenal day (cf.p. 247 of this History), and the allusions to the Osirian legend which are met with in the Pyramid texts, prove that the days were added long before the time when those inscriptions were cut.
As the wording of the texts often comes down from prehistoric times, it is most likely that the invention of the epagomenal days is anterior to the first Thinite and Memphite dynasties.
Perhaps we are to view the epagomenal days as signifying
B.C.), the Babylonians were able to calculate astronomical events with considerable accuracy, and to reconcile the solar and lunar years by the use of epagomenal months.
They intercalated, therefore, after the twelfth month of each year and before the first day of the ensuing year, five epagomenal days, which they termed the "five days over and above the year." [
*] * There appears to be a tendency among Egyptologists now to doubt the existence, under the Ancient Empire, of the five epagomenal days, and as a fact they are nowhere to be found expressly mentioned; but we know that the five gods of the
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