American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A priest, especially of an ancient Roman deity.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In Roman antiquity, a priest devoted to the service of one particular deity. Originally there were three priests so called: the flamen Dialis, consecrated to Jupiter; the flamen Martialis, sacred to Mars; and the flamen Quirinalis, who super-intended the rites of Quirinus or Romulus. The number was gradually increased to fifteen, but the original three retained priority in point of rank, being styled majores, and elected from among the patricians, while the other twelve, called
minores, were elected from the plebeians. Their characteristic dress included the cap called the apex, the robe called the læna, and a wreath of laurel.
- n. A priest devoted to the service of a particular god, from whom he received a distinguishing epithet. The most honored were those of Jupiter, Mars, and Quirinus, called respectively Flamen Dialis, Flamen Martialis, and Flamen Quirinalis.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Rom. Antiq.) A priest devoted to the service of a particular god, from whom he received a distinguishing epithet. The most honored were those of Jupiter, Mars, and Quirinus, called respectively Flamen Dialis, Flamen Martialis, and Flamen Quirinalis.
- n. a priest who served a particular deity in ancient Rome
- Middle English flamin, from Latin flāmen. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“So deh ballrogg iz gonna takem down wit him. he lashez hiz flamen whip round gandalfcatz anklez 2 drag him down to see basement catz hous. gandalfcatz last words afor fallen down da big hole iz fly you foolz! and the hobbitzez all cry.”
“He and his wife were shackled with taboos, particularly the flamen and flaminica Dialis; he was forbidden to see death, touch iron, have knots or buckles on his person, and much more.”
“The flamen wore a circular, poncholike cape, the laena, and the apex, a close-fitting ivory helmet surmounted by a spike on which was impaled a disc of wool.”
“But be the alleance of iern on his flamen vestacoat, the fibule of brooch-bronze to his wintermantle of pointefox.”
“In India, this duality is in the roles of the rajan and brahman; in Rome, of rex and flamen.”
“And therefore the archflamen or the flamen, as our archbishop or bishop, when he receiveth them saith thus: LA ELLEC”
“Another reason for my disquiet concerns my own ancestors, for the first Cornelius to be cognominated Sulla was flamen Dialis.”
“Of priests, Gaius Aurelius Cotta had been in the college the longest; Metellus Pius was not far behind, nor Flaccus the Master of the Horse and Princeps Senatus, who was also the flamen Martialis.”
“Scuffling a little, Sulla got out of his chair and walked across to the couch where the garb of the flamen Dialis lay.”
“On that exact same day of the year, the flamen Dialis was born.”
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