American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A hole in a volcanic area from which hot smoke and gases escape.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A hole from which vapor issues in a Sulphur-mine or a volcano.
- n. Sainte-Claire Deville distinguishes the following: Dry fumaroles, which are very hot and yield volatilized anhydrous (for example, ferric) chlorids.
- n. Acid fumaroles, which yield sulphurous and hydrochloric fumes and steam.
- n. Alkaline fumaroles, which yield sal ammoniac and steam at approximately 212° F.
- n. Cold fumaroles, below 212° F., which yield steam, carbon dioxid, sulphureted hydrogen, etc.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. A hole or spot in a volcanic or other region, from which fumes issue.
- From the Italian fumarola. (Wiktionary)
- Italian fumarola, from Late Latin fūmāriolum, smoke hole, diminutive of Latin fūmārium, smoke chamber, from fūmus, smoke. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Despite the low turnout, however, business was conducted: the Icelandic volcano EyjafjallajÃ¶kull, which generated by far the most buzz on the show floor, landed a seven-figure deal for a memoir that will cover its early days as a steam-venting fumarole right through to its headline-making eruption.”
“The Icelandic volcano EyjafjallajÃ¶kull, which generated by far the most buzz on the show floor, landed a seven-figure deal for a memoir that will cover its early days as a steam-venting fumarole right through to its headline-making eruption.”
“Sandra had us scramble back to the top for another try though the fumarole passage, but again, when we got into the thick of it, we were practically overcome.”
“The last eruption was observed in the 1970's, but some fumarole activity still occurs in one of the craters.”
“There is also a fumarole known as Valley of Desolation (or Grand Soufriere), with fumaroles, hot springs, mud pots, sulfur vents and the Boiling Lake, which is the world's second largest of its kind.”
“Above about 4,600 m, very few plants are able to survive the severe conditions, although specimens of Helichrysum newii have been recorded as high as 5,760 m (close to a fumarole), and mosses and lichens are found right up to the summit.”
“After I had breakfasted with Montgomery, he took me across the island to see the fumarole and the source of the hot spring into whose scalding waters I had blundered on the previous day.”
“It wasn't until she'd pushed herself across the command deck and gently touched his arm that he pointed down at the massive fumarole below them.”
“Theoderos Tesfai, an Eritrean geochemist, collects a sample of fumarolic gas at As'ela, a fumarole on Alid's north flank.”
“I realized then that the outdoor cooker was a natural fumarole, a geological feature that I recalled was common on the northern continent of Seriphos.”
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