American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A figure of speech in which two words connected by a conjunction are used to express a single notion that would normally be expressed by an adjective and a substantive, such as grace and favor instead of gracious favor.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In rhet, a figure which consists in using two words connected by a copulative conjunction to express a single complex idea; especially, substitution of two substantives so coördinated for a substantive with its attributive adjective or limiting genitive. Thus Virgil (Georgics ii. 192) says ‘pateris libamus et auro,’ we pour out (wine) in libation from
pateræ and gold—that is, ‘from golden pateræ’; Cicero (II. Verr. V. xiv. 36) speaks of ‘jus imaginis ad memoriam posteritatemque prodendæ,’ the right of transmitting one's portrait to memory and posterity, for ‘to the memory of posterity.’ Verbs can be used in the same way: as, ‘fundi fugarique,’ to be overthrown and put to flight —that is, to be utterly routed.
- n. rhetoric a figure of speech used for emphasis, where two words joined by and are used to express a single complex idea.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Gram.) A figure in which the idea is expressed by two nouns connected by
and, instead of by a noun and limiting adjective.
- n. use of two conjoined nouns instead of a noun and modifier
- Medieval Latin, from Ancient Greek ἑv (hen), stem of ἑις (heis, "one") + διά (dia, "through") + δυοίν (dyoin, "two") (Wiktionary)
- Late Latin, from Greek hen dia duoin, one by means of two : hen, neuter of heis, one; see sem-1 in Indo-European roots + dia, through + duoin, genitive of duo, two; see dwo- in Indo-European roots. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“The reflexive line that impugns the "sceptre bearing line" (l. 268) of violence transforms its word for sword, by phonetic anagram, and across the grammar of hendiadys, when the effect of conquest is said to "spread the plague of blood and gold.”
“The rhetorical point of interest is that that's hendiadys.”
“Don't tell Mothra Stewart about hendiadys, whatever you do.”
“I'd like to claim that I use hendiadys consciously and of course evocatively!”
“The process of editing my dissertation has become one long performance of getting rid of unnecessary hendiadys.”
“Rare in English speech or other English poetry, hendiadys joins nouns, or sometimes adjectives, in a false or specious union e.g., "sound and fury" for "furious sound".”
“In all his plays Shakespeare uses the Vergilian figure hendiadys some three hundred times, most frequently in his middle plays and most of all in Hamlet.”
“Fowler calls these and actually just about all the examples in this post--he follows the strict definition of hendiadys "Siamese twins," and is on a warpath against the tautological ones like "betwixt and between.”
“Three appendixes list instances of hendiadys in Hamlet, tabulate its incidence in all the plays, and discuss some misleading definitions in the OED.”
“Literally "one from two," hendiadys refers to a pair of words linked by "and" that expresses a single meaning neither word alone conveys.”
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"Luciferous Logolepsy is a collection of over 9,000 obscure English words. Though the definition of an 'English' word might seem to be straightforward, it is not. There exist so many adopted, deriv...
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