from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- adj. Of, relating to, or being the grammatical case indicating placement within a location in some languages, as in Finnish Helsinkissä "in Helsinki.”
- n. The inessive case.
- n. A word or form in the inessive case.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. Of, or relating to the grammatical case that in some languages indicates the state of being in or inside a location.
- n. The inessive case, or a word in that case.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- In grammar, expressing ‘position in’; locative.
Pallottino and other notable experts clumsily tweak the translation for those special 'inessive' instances of zilcθi I just mentioned, claiming it means 'reign' instead, as in "in the reign".
Compared to a Finno-Ugric language like Estonian or Hungarian, which has tons of cases with exotic names like the inessive, superessive, ablative, translative, and exessive, English seems as poor as a pauper on payday.
Oddly formed locatives with inessive postclitic in...
The normal form of the locative with inessive postclitic is exemplified by spure-θi 'in the city' in TLE 171 nb. spure alone means 'at/before the city'.
Oddly formed locatives with inessive postclitic in Etruscan
While Miguel Valério interprets such endings as ablatives meaning 'from', I recognize the Etruscan inessive postclitic -θi 'in'.
Only *hanθ ends with two consonants, thereby blocking the deletion of the original locative *-e in former inessive ending -e-θi ie. locative + postclitic.
This shows that just as locative repine and inessive repinθi are forms of *repin, so too are locative haθe and haθrθi forms of *hanθ cf. hanθin.
In the context of the Liber Linteus where the word luθti is found, we also find another curious inessive locative haθrθi.
But yet again, perhaps this is just another example of the emerging Late Etruscan declension lacking overt locative marking in inessive forms?
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