Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. An infection caused by any of the flagellate protozoans of the genus Leishmania, transmitted to humans and animals by bloodsucking sand flies.
  • n. A disease, such as kala-azar or either of two clinically distinct ulcerative skin diseases, caused by flagellate protozoans of the genus Leishmania.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. Any of various ulcerative skin diseases caused by any of the protozoans of the genus Leishmania, transmitted to humans and animals by bloodsucking sandflies.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. sores resulting from a tropical infection by protozoa of the genus Leishmania which are spread by sandflies

Etymologies

From New Latin Leishmania, genus of protozoans, after Sir William Boog Leishman (1865-1926), British medical officer.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From leishmania. (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • The eponymous term leishmaniasis replaced them all, as well as chiclero ulcer and kala-azar or dumdum fever, the last from the town of Dumdum, near Calcutta, where the infamous bullets were made.

    VERBATIM: The Language Quarterly Vol XX No 1

  • The boy suffers from disfiguring cutaneous leishmaniasis, which is transmitted by sand fly bites.

    Photos of the Day: Oct. 18

  • As you said, it's called leishmaniasis and it affects some two million people every year, in tropical areas like Colombia.

    CNN Transcript Jul 3, 2008

  • Others come home with unfamiliar diseases, such as leishmaniasis, a nasty infection transmitted by the bite of a sand flea.

    Wounded Veterans

  • She also praised the brilliant results achieved by the Tunis Pasteur Institute in the medical and scientific research notably in determining the causes of "leishmaniasis" and other viral diseases.

    AllAfrica News: Latest

  • Using powerful genetic-analysis tools more commonly targeted to cancer and other diseases prevalent in industrialized nations, researchers are studying patterns that underlie malaria and tuberculosis in developing countries and more obscure conditions such as leishmaniasis and Chagas 'disease.

    Fore, right!

  • The symposium featured 71 presentations covering soil-transmitted and water-borne helminth infections, as well as arthropod-borne diseases such as leishmaniasis, malaria and lymphatic filariasis.

    BioMed Central - Latest articles

  • New focusOur organization has historically focused almost entirely on the most neglected tropical diseases, like African sleeping sickness, visceral leishmaniasis or chaqas disease.

    New Initiative Provides Better Treatment for Pediatric AIDS

  • The new commitments aim to eradicate or reduce leprosy, lymphatic filariasis (also known as elephantiasis), blinding trachoma, sleeping sickness, Guinea worm, schistosomiasis (also called bilharzia), river blindness, soil-transmitted helminthes, Chagas disease and visceral leishmaniasis.

    Agencies, Drug Makers, Gates Target 10 Diseases

  • Paula Bronstein/Getty Images CRYING OUT: A boy cried after receiving an injection at a free World Health Organization clinic for the skin disease leishmaniasis in Kabul Tuesday.

    Photos of the Day: Oct. 26

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