American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A strap-shaped or tonguelike structure, especially a mouth part in certain insects.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In botany, same as ligule.
- n. In entomology: A fleshy, membranaceous, or horny anterior part of the labium, attached to the inner surface of the mentum, by which it is sometimes entirely concealed; the terminal or distal one of the three component parts of the labium. In the Hymenoptera it is developed into a long tongue-like organ, split into three parts, of which the outer two are called the paraglossæ and the intermediate one the glossa or lingua. (See cut under
Hymenoptera.) Sometimes the term ligula is applied to the united palpigers or palpus-bearing lobes of the labium, which cover and conceal the true ligula. In the Coleoptera the ligula is properly the central division of the labium, between the paraglossæ; but, as the latter are often wanting, the term ligula has come to be used synonymously with labium, where the term labium is used as applying only to the anterior division, excluding mentum and submentum. See cut under mouth-parts.
- n. A process on the elytra of certain beetles. See elytral.—
- n. In anatomy, a band of white nervous substance bordering the membranous covering of the posterior part of the fourth ventricle of the brain on each side, and extending from the clava to the striæ acusticæ, where it winds around the restiform bodies. Also called tænia ventriculi quarti, ala pontis, and ponticulus.
- n. [capitalized] A genus of simple cestoid worms, type of family Ligulidæ, having an unsegmented elongated body with two lateral depressions at the head end, and numerous sets of sexual organs in longitudinal series opening on the median line of the body. These endoparasites inhabit fishes and amphibians, and acquire their matured character in water-birds.
- n. [capitalized] A genus of mollusks.
- n. A strap or strap-shaped object, especially such a development in plants or insects
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Bot.) See ligule.
- n. The central process, or front edge, of the labium of insects. It sometimes serves as a tongue or proboscis, as in bees.
- n. A tongue-shaped lobe of the parapodia of annelids. See Parapodium.
- Latin ligula ("strap, spoon"), a variant of lingula ‘small tongue-shaped object’, itself partly derived from lingere ‘lick’ and partly a diminutive of lingua ‘tongue’. (Wiktionary)
- Latin, diminutive of lingua, tongue; see dn̥ghū- in Indo-European roots. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Donec ligula massa, ullamcorper quis aliquet sed, mollis at ipsum.”
“In suscipit, ligula nec adipiscing porttitor, nibh augue congue ante, non elementum elit lorem vitae augue.”
“Nam vestibulum, orci sed elementum luctus, ipsum est facilisis lacus, in lobortis leo lacus nec ligula.”
“Fusce viverra, mauris ac eleifend scelerisque, massa ligula aliquet augue, vestibulum gravida felis orci at neque.”
“The very large sporangia (_M_, _sp. _) are in cavities at the bases of the leaves, and above each sporangium is a little pointed outgrowth (ligula), which is also found in the leaves of”
“Another pair of scales had two cups, with a weight on the side opposite to the material weighed, to mark more accurately the fractional weight; this weight was called by the ancients ligula, and examen.”
“Bouclier: the pronotum, q.v. Bouton: a button; the terminal lappet-like process at the tip of the ligula in bees: = spoon.”
“Papilla: a minute, soft projection: specifically the modified ligula in silk spinning caterpillars.”
“Lingua: the tongue; applied in Hymenoptera, to the ligula: in”
“Glossa: the inner lobe of second maxilla, corresponding to the lacing of first maxilla: loosely used as a synonym for tongue: especially applied to the coiled structure of the Lepidoptera; see also ligula.”
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