from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A monosaccharide, C6H12O6, obtained from mannan or by the oxidation of mannitol.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A monosaccharide aldohexose found in manna and other legumes.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The name of three stereomeric compounds, C6H12O6. The dextro-derivative is found in groundnuts and is prepared by the oxidation of mannite.
The stuff. isn't an antibiotic, as the name suggests, but an endotoxin fraction-a complex organic sugar - called a mannose; it got its name from the fact that it's produced by fermentation, as antibiotics are.
You can also consume D-mannose, which is a 100\% natural sugar solution that attracts the harmful bacterium towards itself and flushes it out of the urinary tract.
Ohio State University researchers have determined that Mycobacterium tuberculosis has learned through evolution to coat itself with a sugar called mannose, which makes the bacterium attractive to cells in the lungs that are looking to clean up and discard unwanted sugar in the body.
Glucose converts to sorbitol, mannose to mannitol, and maltose to maltitol.
In chordates, collectins initiate the lectin cascade through members of the mannose-binding protein (MBP)—associated protease (MASP)/C1r/C1s family.
Mannans are plant polysaccharides that are polymers of mannose.
Carbohydrate metabolism: positive selection was observed for genes involved in breaking down mannose in Yorubans, sucrose in East Asians, and lactose for Europeans.
Similarly, East Asians show genetic changes that affect the metabolism of the sugar sucrose, while the Yoruba people in sub-Saharan Africa show genetic changes that alter how they metabolize the sugar mannose.
For the proof of principle, Johnston tested for mannose-binding lectin 2 (MBL2).
In Indonesia, the species A. onchophyllus is used to produce flour for industrial purposes, and the Japanese species A. konjac is used as a commercial source of mannose.
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