Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A dense growth of small trees and shrubs in the Mediterranean area.
  • n. A member of the French underground organization that fought against the German occupation forces during World War II; a member of the Resistance. Also called Maquisard.
  • n. This French underground organization.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. Dense Mediterranean coastal scrub
  • n. the French resistance movement during World War II

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. the French underground that fought against the German occupation in World War II
  • n. a guerrilla fighter in the French underground in World War II

Etymologies

French, from Italian macchie, pl. of macchia, thicket, spot; see maquette.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From French maquis (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • Today, the most widespread vegetation type is hard-leafed or sclerophyllus shrublands called maquis or matorral, which include representatives from the plant genera Juniperus, Myrtus, Olea, Phillyrea, Pistacia, and Quercus.

    Biological diversity in the Mediterranean Basin

  • The lowest elevations are distinguished by the predominance of sclerophyllous evergreen and semi-deciduous oak forests (Quercus coccifera, Q. brachyphylla), "maquis" of carob (Ceratonia siliqua), junipers (Juniperus phoenicea), and tree-spurge (Euphorbia dendroides).

    Crete Mediterranean forests

  • Human impact, mainly from grazing, fires, and firewood collection, has transformed the majority of the existing wild olive and carob plant communities into secondary dense shrubs or "maquis" or into agroforestry landscapes composed of scattered trees on grasslands or crops.

    Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests

  • Human impact, mainly from grazing, fires, and firewood collection, has transformed the majority of the existing holm oak forest into secondary, dense shrubland, known as "maquis", or into agroforestry landscapes constituted by scattered trees on grasslands or crops.

    Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests

  • Human impacts, mainly grazing, fires, and firewood collection, have transformed the majority of the remaining wild olive and carob plant communities into secondary dense shrubs, known as "maquis," and into agro-forestry landscapes comprised of scattered trees on grasslands or crops.

    Mediterranean woodlands and forests

  • The lowest elevations are distinguished by a predominance of sclerophyllous evergreen and semi-deciduous oak forests (Quercus coccifera, Q. infectoria), "maquis" of strawberry tree (Arbutus andrachne), and juniper and cypress woodlands (Cupressus sempervirens, Juniperus phoenicea).

    Cyprus Mediterranean forests

  • View of the kind of maquis overgrowing the still unexcavated parts of the site

    Interactive Dig Sagalassos - Urban Survey Report 1

  • The road, after passing up by the S. side of the river through olive groves and "maquis," arrives at the Col and Maison de Cantonniers de

    Itinerary through Corsica by its Rail, Carriage & Forest Roads

  • Valleys of almost Alpine verdure are succeeded by tracts of chestnut wood and scattered pines, or deep and flowery brushwood -- the 'maquis' of Corsica, which yields shelter to its traditional outlaws and bandits.

    Sketches and Studies in Italy and Greece, First Series

  • "maquis" has never been without its brigand hero, because industry has been stagnant, family feuds persist, and the government has never quite succeeded in persuading the people to support the law.

    Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Part 3 "Brescia" to "Bulgaria"

Wordnik is becoming a not-for-profit! Read our announcement here.

Comments

Log in or sign up to get involved in the conversation. It's quick and easy.