American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A Muslim scholar who interprets the shari'a.
- n. Civilian dress, especially when worn by one who normally wears a uniform.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A Mohammedan law-officer whose duty it was to expound the law which the kadi was to execute.
- n. In India, citizen's dress worn by officers when off duty: now commonly used in this sense in the British army.
- n. countable (Islam) A Muslim scholar and interpreter of shari’a law, who can deliver a fatwa
- n. uncountable (UK, New Zealand) Civilian dress when worn by a member of the military, or casual dress when worn by a pupil of a school who normally would wear uniform
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. An official expounder of Mohammedan law.
- n. One of the chief legal advisers to the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire.
- n. Colloq. Eng. Ordinary civilian dress when worn by persons who serve in a uniformed service, such as the military or police. It originally was used in reference to British naval or military officers, and originated with the British service in India.
- n. a jurist who interprets Muslim religious law
- n. civilian dress worn by a person who is entitled to wear a military uniform
- From Arabic المفتي (al-múftī ) (definite form). (Wiktionary)
- Arabic muftī, one who gives legal opinions, active participle of 'aftā, to decide by legal opinion; see ptw in Semitic roots.Probably from mufti1. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“A flunkey in mufti is as unseemly an object as a soldier on furlough, with his jacket unbuttoned and his neat stock replaced by a coloured neckerchief.”
“In 2008, Umar left for South Africa to pursue a two-year master's degree in Islamic jurisprudence and earned the title "mufti.”
“Predominantly old soldiers and, allowing for the dreadful appearance that men drilling in mufti always present, not a bad lot.”
“He was embarrassed in 2006 when the Saudi daily inaccurately described him as the "mufti" - i.e. the chief Islamic religious official - of California.”
“All Salah needs to become a mufti is the approval of the chief judge, or grand mufti, Ahmad Al-Tayyeb, but so far he has remained silent.”
“Another Guantánamo detainee, also captured in Pakistan in 2001 and later released to a Saudi rehabilitation program is Ibrahim Suleiman al-Rubaysh, 30, who also disappeared and is now described as the mufti, or theological guide, to Al Qaeda of the Arabian Peninsula.”
“He and his companion-sentry under the other arch were aware of officers in "mufti" on the opposite sidewalk, and kept their eyes immovably to the front.”
“There are the sentries to be squared, and the fellow who provides you with a suit of 'mufti'.”
“The resplendent uniforms of the members totally eclipsed that of the Duke, who was in "mufti"; but he readily understood that the division of attention was really not attributable to us.”
“Any one looking at him in 'mufti' would exclaim, 'what an unfortunate object!' and perhaps offer him a penny, while in his hunting habiliments lords would hail him with, 'Well, Tom, how are you?' and baronets ask him”
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