Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Same as moonshee.
- From Urdu منشی, Persian منشی, from Arabic. (Wiktionary)
“Sultan Muhammad Khan later became Abd al-Rahman's mir munshi or chief secretary, and helped author his patron's "auto" - biography.”
“It is unclear how the qafilabashi documented the nomads 'arati payments for the increasingly textually inclined Durrani state, but if other tax-payment practices serve as an interpretive guide, it is likely that the qafilabashi issued receipts to the nomads and that a munshi recorded those payments in a challan.”
“Mullah Wais al-Din appointed a Peshawri munshi or secretary who physically handled the challan or register book that Rustam Ali was politically responsible for.”
“The munshi during the sugar dispute of early 1895 was Tilla Muhammad, who apparently had a long tenure in that post because he served not only Rustam Ali, but also the three previous Durrani qafilabashis in Peshawar.”
“Using a system of passes, receipts, and vouchers the qafilabashi and his munshi wrote various forms of nomadic trade taxes into the Durrani state's expanding monopoly-based fiscal structure, and these fees were in fact collected from the nomads.”
“Note 57: Nomads could and often did receive their qafilabashi passes, and other forms of Durrani state paperwork, directly from the qafilabashi and his munshi at Jamrud. back”
“The qafilabashi worked with a munshi or secretary who was responsible for a register book known as a challan within which the amounts and kinds of commodities and their means of animal conveyance to Kabul were recorded and manipulated.”
“To my astonishment about half a dozen of them scoffed aloud at this - "Listen to the Black Mountain munshi!”
“In 1809 he was appointed munshi al-mamalik (head of the royal chancery).”
“She worked in a brothel at Kangra and was bought by (or ran away with) a munshi, as his concubine, before setting up as a prostitute on her own account in Lahore.”
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