Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. An instrument for the exhibition of a series of photographs in rapid succession to give the optical effect known as a moving picture. The pictures, taken in a moving-picture camera, are placed radially upon a spool in the instrument and are viewed tangentially through the eyepiece, one picture being shown at a time and just long enough to cause them all to merge into one continuous moving picture. It is made in many forms for showing the effect to one or more spectators.
- n. A motion-picture device of the late nineteenth century, to be viewed by one person at a time through a peephole.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. A simple form of moving-picture machine in which the series of views, exhibiting the successive phases of a scene, are printed on paper and mounted around the periphery of a wheel. The rotation of the wheel brings them rapidly into sight, one after another, and the blended effect gives a semblance of motion.
- Originally a trademark. (Wiktionary)
“There isn't one laptop in the show, however; every film, video, DVD, or what-show-you is seen in a dedicated viewing context, whether cast upon a large screen, seen on a small screen in a booth, or even peeked at through an updated version of a side-show mutoscope.”
“Michael found a mutoscope and began cranking it, leaning gingerly to look in the goggle-type viewer and watch the flip-card film, SEE NAUGHTY MARIETTA SUN BATHING, the sign on the brass-trimmed machine read, PASSED BY NY CENSORS, OCT.”
“Of other moving pictures machines we have had the vitascope, vitagraph, magniscope, mutoscope, panoramagraph, theatograph and scores of others all derived from the two Greek roots _grapho_ I write and _scopeo_ I view.”
“A book made up of these; pictures in their order is such a solid, and the little pocket mutoscope exactly satisfies this description.”
“The kinetoscope with its two-dimensional strip and its shutter does the same thing more steadily, and presents the illusion of motion in a two-dimensional area even better than the little hand mutoscope.”
“Herman Caster the biograph and mutoscope, or the Lumiere brothers in”
“The mutoscope widens the use of motion-photography infinitely.”
“In fact, a sort of circulating library already exists, films or mutoscope pictures being rented for a reasonable sum; and thus many of the most important of the world's happenings may be seen as they actually occurred.”
“In the mutoscope the positives or prints are made on long strips of heavy bromide paper, instead of films, and are generally enlarged; the strip is cut up after development and mounted on a cylinder, so they radiate like the spokes of a wheel, and are set in the same consecutive order in which they were taken.”
“It is quite within the bounds of possibility that circulating libraries of moving pictures will be established, and that every public school will have a projecting apparatus for the use of films, and a stereopticon or a mutoscope.”
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Movies would not exist without the people who invented or developed these objects and processes. At least, not as we know them.
pertaining to optical devices developed to entertain and amuse
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