Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The doctrine that the action of the will is a necessary effect of antecedent causes; the theory that the will is subject to the general mechanical law of cause and effect. Also necessitarianism, and rarely necessism.
- n. philosophy, metaphysics, theology An extreme form of determinism that holds that all phenomena, including the will, are subject to immutable rules of cause and effect; necessitarianism.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. The doctrine of philosophical necessity; necessitarianism.
- From necessarian + -ism. (Wiktionary)
“The derivatives, necessitation and necessarianism, in their philosophical signification express the doctrine that the will in all its activity is invariably determined by physical or psychical antecedent conditions (see DETERMINISM; FREE WILL).”
“In particular, he attacked the notion of "constraint" suggested in the words necessity and necessarianism, whereas only sequence is affirmed.”
“In Leibniz, the prominence given to the principle of sufficient reason, the doctrine that man must choose that which the intellect judges as the better, and the optimistic theory that God Himself has inevitably chosen the present as being the best of all possible worlds, these views, when logically reasoned out, leave very little reality to free will, though Leibniz set himself in marked opposition to the monistic geometrical necessarianism of Spinoza.”
“It is argued that necessarianism or determinism in any form is in conflict with the chief moral notions and convictions of mankind at large.”
“Martineau, like the rest of his generation, was brought up in this necessarianism; but its tendency, as he reviewed and tested it, was to do violence to certain irrepressible factors of the spiritual life.”
“His answer to some objections against necessarianism 181”
“The writer then justly connects his scientific necessarianism in philosophy with humanity in punishment.”
“Connection of necessarianism with humanity in punishment 181”
“As to Godwin's necessarianism, it is perhaps hardly worth while to cite passages in order to explain it.”
“Never before in France had materialism, necessarianism and atheism been so clearly and forcibly expounded.”
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