American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A verse form composed of quatrains in which the second and fourth lines are repeated as the first and third lines of the following quatrain.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. See pantun.
- From Malay pantun, via French. (Wiktionary)
- French, from Malay pantun, verse composed using metonymy. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“It was full of fascinating bits I kept wanting to go back to, and a pantoum is a form where the second and fourth lines of the first stanza become the 1st and 3rd of the next, the new 2nd and 4th becoming the next 1st and 3rd and so on.”
“The pantoum is a rare form of poetry similar to a villanelle.”
“With older students, he led exercises meant to get them emulating specific forms, like the "pantoum," which includes four-line stanzas, or the three-line stanzas of the "villanelle.”
“This poem is a pantoum, a form of poetry that repeats certain lines in a particular order.”
“I have also written a pantoum about scuba diving which explains how peaceful it is for me.”
“I respond with a clumsy pantoum of my own, and we become a couple.”
“He takes a last stab at writing his pantoum: As the island fades / I leave behind departure itself.”
“Today, the poet wants to compose a pantoum about the Mariel exodus, about his voyage from Cuba to Key West on a tugboat piloted by deranged exiles.”
“Great Regulars: It seems to combine elements both from that safe-as-houses mediaeval form, the sestina, and from the intricate pantoum: its accumulative structure also suggests folk-tales such as The House That Jack Built.”
“Although by the time of publication the ghazal and the pantoum had already been used and would become much more so in later years particularly as a result of the influence of Ashbery regarding the latter, there is no mention of these forms.”
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