from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. An ancient Persian unit of distance, usually estimated at 3.5 miles (5.6 kilometers).
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A historical Iranian unit of itinerant distance used throughout the Western Mediterranean and the Middle East in antiquity. Functionally comparable to the European league, and presumed to have varied between two and four miles.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A Persian measure of length, which, according to Herodotus and Xenophon, was thirty stadia, or somewhat more than three and a half miles. The measure varied in different times and places, and, as now used, is estimated at from three and a half to four English miles.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A Persian measure of length, reckoned by Herodotus at 30 stadia, and thus equivalent to about English miles. At different times and places, however, the parasang has been equivalent to 30, 40, or 60 Greek stadia.
Latin parasanga, from Greek parasangēs, of Iranian origin.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Latin parasanga, from Ancient Greek παρασάγγης, from unattested Old Persian (indigenously attested only in Middle Iranian onwards); compare Middle Persian 𐭯𐭫𐭮𐭭𐭢 (frasang). (Wiktionary)