from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- adj. Architecture Having a single row of columns on all sides.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. Surrounded by a single row of columns
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. Having columns on all sides; -- said of an edifice. See apteral.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- In architecture, surrounded by a single range of columns: said especially of a temple in which the cella is surrounded by columns. See cut under opisthodomos.
- n. Any peripteral building, especially a Greek or Roman temple with columns on every side. Also peripteros. See cut at opisthodomus.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- adj. having columns on all sides
Again, most of the Grecian Doric temples were peripteral, that is, were surrounded with pillars on all the sides.
The pseudo-peripteral temple originated from southern Italy as a mixture between a Greek peripteros and an Italo-Etruscan podium temple.
At Sagalassos, the podium was absent, as was also the case in the mid-Hellenistic Temple of Leto at the Letoön in Xanthos (Lycia), which has a pseudo-peripteral arrangement at the back of its naos.
As it is almost excluded that nothing of a potential Augustan peripteros was preserved, one has to reconstruct the Augustan Temple of Apollo Klarios as a simple naos of which the facade of the pronaos was shaped as a pseudo-peripteral naos (this means with attached half-columns instead of free standing ones) with smooth half-columns projecting from the antae and fluted half-column on either side of the door, all columns being crowned by Ionic half-capitals.
In the late fifth or early sixth century A.D., the abandoned peripteral temple was converted into a Christian tripartite transept-basilica, with a length of 31.30 meters and a width of 16.60 meters.
A temple will be peripteral that has six columns in front and six in the rear, with eleven on each side including the corner columns.
But if such a temple is to be constructed in peripteral form, let two steps and then the stylobate be constructed below.
There are also circular temples, some of which are constructed in monopteral form, surrounded by columns but without a cella, while others are termed peripteral.
First there is the temple in antis, or [Greek: naos en parastasin] as it is called in Greek; then the prostyle, amphiprostyle, peripteral, pseudodipteral, dipteral, and hypaethral.
Behind this pediment is a cupola, finished by a lantern light, in imitation of a peripteral temple, crowning and ornamenting a grand octagonal vestibule, or saloon.
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