American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Any of several small wading birds of the family Phalaropodidae, resembling sandpipers but having lobed toes that enable them to swim.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A small wading bird of the family Phalaropodidæ, having lobate toes. There are 3 species, usually placed in as many genera, of elegant and varied coloration, and in general resembling sandpipers; but the body is depressed rather than compressed, and the plumage of the under parts is thick and compact to resist water, upon which these little birds swim with great ease and grace. They are found on inland waters and along the coasts of most parts of the world, sometimes venturing far out to sea. Two of the three species breed only in boreal regions, and perform extensive migrations in the spring and fall. Wilson's phalarope, Phalaropus (Steganopus) wilsoni, the largest and handsomest species, is confined to America, breeding from northerly parts of the United States northward, and dispersing in winter over South America. It is 8¾ inches long, and 15¾ in extent of wings; the bill is 1⅓ inches long and extremely slender; the margins of the toes are not scalloped. The female exceeds the male in size and beauty, and the male performs the task of incubation. The red-necked or northern phalarope is Phalaropus (Lobipes) hyperboreus; this has a slender bill like the first, but is smaller, and the membrane of the toes is scalloped. The red or gray phalarope is P. fulicarius, also called the coot-footed tringa: the bill is broad and depressed, with a lancet-shaped tip, and the membrane of the toes is scalloped. This species is noted for its great seasonal changes of plumage. See also cut under
- n. Any of three small wading birds in the genus Phalaropus, of the family Scolopacidae, that have lobed toes.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Zoöl.) Any species of Phalaropus and allied genera of small wading birds (Grallæ), having lobate toes. They are often seen far from land, swimming in large flocks. Called also
- n. small sandpiper-like shorebird having lobate toes and being good swimmers; breed in the Arctic and winter in the tropics
- French, from New Latin phalaropūs : Greek phalaris, coot (from phalaros, having a white spot) + Greek pous, foot. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“The flesh of the phalarope is a great delicacy, like that of other waders which occur in the regions in question, but which I cannot now stay to describe.”
“In our June heatwave, the very rare female red-necked phalarope was sighted in the midlands, bringing crowds of watchers.”
“The red-throated diver Gavia stellata, great northern diver Gavia immer, mallard Anas platyrhynchos, long-tailed duck Clangula hyemalis, rednecked phalarope Phalaropus lobatus and the purple sandpiper Calidris maritima are believed to nest in the area, but at present no information is available to confirm this.”
“Representative species include snow, Brant and Canada goose; yellow-billed, Arctic, and red-throated loons; whistling swans; oldsquaw ducks; gyrfalcons; willow and rock ptarmigan; red-necked phalarope; parasitic jaeger; snowy owls; hoary redpoll and snow bunting.”
“Other shorebirds that eat leaf-beetles are the Wilson phalarope and dowitcher.”
“Wireworms and their adult forms, click beetles, are devoured by the northern phalarope, woodcock, jacksnipe, pectoral sandpiper, killdeer, and upland plover.”
“The most striking example is that of the gray phalarope (Phalaropus fulicarius).”
“Such are the dotterel (Eudromias morinellus), several species of phalarope, an”
“Of birds the phalarope was still the most common species, especially at sea, where in flocks of six or seven it swam incessantly backwards and forwards between the pieces of ice.”
“Zemlya, though there has hitherto been observed there only the nearly allied _smalnaebbade simsnaeppan_, the red-necked phalarope”
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