American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. An extinct primate postulated from bones found in Java in 1891 and originally designated Pithecanthropus erectus because it was thought to represent a species evolutionarily between apes and humans. Pithecanthropus is now classified as Homo erectus.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A hypothetical genus proposed by Haeckel to fill the gap between the anthropoid apes and man.
- n. An extinct hominiform animal approaching the human type more closely than any of the anthropoid apes. The genus is based only on two molar teeth, an incomplete calvarium, and a diseased femur found in central Java, in a deposit of volcanic ash said to be of Pliocene age. The capacity of the calvarium is about two thirds the average of that of the human skull. It is characterized by a low forehead and prominent supra-orbital ridges. The femur measures 455 millimeters in length, is straight, and indicates by its shape that the animal walked erect. The name Pithecanthropus erectus was given to it by the discoverer Dubois) “in order to furnish with a definite habitation and a name the theoretical Pithecanthropus of Haeckel.”
Beddard, Mamm., p. 584.
- n. former genus of primitive apelike men now Homo erectus
- New Latin Pithēcanthrōpus, genus name : Greek pithēkos, ape + Greek anthrōpos, man. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Others claim that the pithecanthropus was the end of a special branch of the apes; the Heidelberg man the last of another extinct branch; the Piltdown man and the Neanderthal man, likewise the last of other extinct species.”
“The pithecanthropus was the first to reach it and the ape-man saw him spring upward for a handhold on the lowest peg above him.”
“Not of course the original Garden of Eden, though the remains of Java Man, the celebrated pithecanthropus erectus, were discovered in the lowlands on this side of Merapi in 1891.”
“If the scattered remains of the pithecanthropus were found in the sand only 40 ft. below the surface, and the rate of accumulation were no greater than the slow accretions that buried the mountain city of”
“Let us assume that the pithecanthropus really lived 750,000 years ago, as claimed, which is 1. 25\% of”
“Prof. Cope, a distinguished anatomist, says, "The femur [of the pithecanthropus] is that of a man, it is in no sense a connecting link.”
“Even H.G. Wells, who seems ready to endorse the most extravagant views, says (Outline of History, p. 69), "We can not say that it (the pithecanthropus) is a direct human ancestor.”
“On p. 116, is a "Diagram of the Relationship of Human Races," showing that neither the pithecanthropus, the Heidelberg man, the Piltdown man, nor the”
“In his "Men of the Old Stone Age," Dr. Osborn puts the pithecanthropus, the Heidelberg man, the Piltdown man, and the”
“According to Prof.R. S. Lull and other evolutionists, "The skull of the pithecanthropus is characterized by a limited capacity of about two-thirds that of a man.”
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