Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A highly infectious viral disease that chiefly affects children and, in its acute forms, causes inflammation of motor neurons of the spinal cord and brainstem, leading to paralysis, muscular atrophy, and often deformity. Through vaccination, the disease is preventable. Also called infantile paralysis.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. Acute infection by the poliovirus, especially of the motor neurons in the spinal cord and brainstem, leading to muscle weakness, paralysis and sometimes deformity.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. Inflammation of the gray matter of the spinal cord.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. an acute viral disease marked by inflammation of nerve cells of the brain stem and spinal cord

Etymologies

New Latin : Greek polios, gray; see pel-1 in Indo-European roots + myelitis.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)

Examples

  • The name poliomyelitis derives from the Greek words

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  • Worst of all, many virus diseases are on the increase, a tendency particularly evident in poliomyelitis.

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  • Polio also called poliomyelitis is highly infectious and affects the nervous system, sometimes resulting in paralysis.

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  • Now all our efforts are directed towards protection against six common communicable diseases, namely poliomyelitis, diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, tuberculosis and measles, which account for nearly 2.1 million deaths.

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  • For that reason, any damage to the fibers, either through mechanical injury or as a result of a disease such as poliomyelitis, can result in paralysis.

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  • Resources used and their associated costs were based on information from the study budget, other community based programmes such as poliomyelitis, measles and neonatal tetanus campaigns underway in the Hohoe district and estimates form the principal investigator involved in the original IPTc clinical trial.

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  • Though Dr. Kittell acknowledged that forty polio cases was more than twice as many as normally reported this early in the polio season, he wanted it clearly understood that the city of 429,000 was by no means suffering from what could be characterized as an epidemic of poliomyelitis.

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  • Some diseases such as smallpox has been completely eliminated, and bubonic plague virtually eliminated, while malaria, poliomyelitis (polio) and measles have been eliminated or eradicated in large parts of the world, and are well on the way to be eliminated from much of the world.

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  • On June 26, 1935, at age twelve, she was stricken with poliomyelitis.

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  • This value proposition has been a great fit for solving poorly understood problems of the past, such as tuberculosis in the early 1900s, poliomyelitis in the 1950s and AIDS in the 1980s.

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