from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. The offense under English law of appealing to or obeying a foreign court or authority, thus challenging the supremacy of the Crown.
- n. The writ charging this offense.
- n. The penalty for this offense.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. The offence, in English law, of appealing to or obeying a foreign court or authority, especially a papal court or authority.
- v. To subject to the penalties of praemunire.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The offense of introducing foreign authority into England, the penalties for which were originally intended to depress the civil power of the pope in the kingdom.
- n. The writ grounded on that offense.
- n. The penalty ascribed for the offense of præmunire.
- transitive v. To subject to the penalties of præmunire.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To bring within the penalties of a præmunire.
- n. In English law, a species of writ, or the offense for which it is granted, or the penalty incurred.
- n. A serious or awkward position; a predicament.
- n. Another English statute, of 1392, designed to check the power of the Pope in England, by punishing those who procured from the papal authority any process against the king, or his crown or realm.
The first case was an action of _praemunire_ against the court of chancery, evidently instigated by him, but brought at the instance of certain parties whose adversaries had obtained redress in the chancellor's court after the cause had been tried in the court of king's bench.
On the 26th June he was called before the council to answer certain charges, one of which was his conduct in the _praemunire_ question.
As it had availed Wolsey nothing that his breach of praemunire had been countenanced by the King, so it availed Cromwell nothing that the King had seemed to support him.
In form, the Act in Restraint of Appeals was not a fresh piece of legislation but a declaration of the existing law; a flat assertion that any appeal to the jurisdiction of Rome from the English courts brought the appellant under the penalties of praemunire, the "spiritualty" of the country being competent to deal with spiritual cases, and the sovereign recognising no jurisdiction superior to his own.
The clergy were informed that they lay one and all under the royal displeasure for breach of praemunire (of which they had in fact been technically guilty), and could only hope for pardon by purchasing it for something over £100,000 -- practically equivalent to about a couple of millions now.
Standish, and declared that the Bishops had incurred the penalties of praemunire.
Act was passed by which the first refusal of the oath of royal supremacy was praemunire, the second, high treason.
The incredible meanness of the praemunire, and consequent confiscation, which the cardinal was pronounced to have incurred for obtaining the cardinalate and legateship from Rome -- though of course this had been done with the king's full knowledge and consent
At the beginning of 1531 the Convocation of Canterbury were informed that they could purchase a pardon for the praemunire they had incurred by presenting the king with the enormous sum of
The first blow was struck at the clergy by involving them in Wolsey's praemunire.
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