American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Variant of praetor.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In Roman history, a title which originally designated the consuls as the leaders of the armies of the state. Later (from about 367 b. c.) one and from about 242 b. c. two pretors were appointed as colleagues to the consuls, and specifically as judicial officers, one of whom (prætor urbanus) tried causes between Roman citizens, and the other (prætor peregrinus) causes between strangers, or between strangers and citizens. After the discharge of his judicial functions a pretor had often the administration of a province, with the title of propretor, or sometimes proconsul. When the dominions of Rome were extended beyond Italy, the number of pretorships was increased, and finally, under the empire, became eighteen, or even more. The prætor urbanus was the first in rank, and was specifically the Pretor.
- n. Hence A magistrate; a mayor.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Rom. Antiq.) A civil officer or magistrate among the ancient Romans.
- n. rare Hence, a mayor or magistrate.
- n. an annually elected magistrate of the ancient Roman Republic
“At a peak pretor population there are not enough elk left to feed all those predators, predators starve.”
“Britaine, persuaded the emperour Claudius to take the warre in hand at this time against the Britains, so that one Aulus Plautius a senatour, and as then pretor, was appointed to take the armie that soiourned in France then called Gallia, and to passe ouer with the same into”
“No one named the author of the murder, for the pretor was silent," says Paul Jovius in his eulogy of the poet.”
“By this dignity he was the chief judge of the city; his pomp and state differed little from that of a consul, and he was obliged to wear the Trabea, which was a rich robe of silk, magnificently embroidered, and sparkling with precious stones: a garment only allowed to the consuls and pretor.”
“It is certain that either she or some other influential personage succeeded in gaining possession of the proofs of Julia's guilt and brought them to Augustus, threatening to lay them before the pretor and to institute proceedings if he did not discharge his duty.”
“According to the Lex de adulteriis, he as husband should have made known the crime of his wife to the pretor and have had her punished.”
“He had married a sister of Caesar and, though still young when he died, had become a senator and pretor.”
“Nero, however, wished to bring about some reform which would help the masses, and he gave orders in an edict that the rates of all the vectigalia be published; that at Rome the pretor, and in the provinces the propretor and proconsul, should summarily decide all suits against the tax-farmers and that the soldiers should be exempt from these same vectigalia.”
“I am resolved not to permit the pretor or the judges to be changed in this cause.”
“I find, O judges, these plans formed and begun to be put in execution by them, to protract the matter, whatever steps it might be necessary to take in order to do so, so that the cause might be pleaded before Marcus Metellus as pretor.”
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