American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- adj. Of, relating to, or having the character of a recital or recitation.
- n. A style used in operas, oratorios, and cantatas in which the text is declaimed in the rhythm of natural speech with slight melodic variation and little orchestral accompaniment.
- n. A passage rendered in this style.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- In music, in the style of a recitative; as if spoken.
- n. In music:
- n. A form or style of song resembling declamation—that is, in which regularity of rhythmic, melodic, and harmonic structure is reduced to the minimum. It is a union of song and speech, with the emphasis sometimes on one element and sometimes on the other, but with a careful avoidance of technical “form” in the musical sense. The division into phrases is properly governed by rhetorical reasons only. The strictly tonal and metrical qualities of a balanced melody are usually but meagerly represented. The sequence of harmonies and of tonalities is often entirely unrestricted. An unaccompanied recitative (recitativo secco) has only a few detached instrumental chords, or a basso continuo, to suggest or sketch the harmonic basis of the melody. Accompaniments of this sort have been given at different periods to different instruments, such as the harpsichord, the violoncello, or the string orchestra alone. An accompanied recitative (recitativo stromentato) has a continuous instrumental background, which occasionally becomes highly descriptive or dramatic, and may be assigned to a full orchestra. This variety of recitative passes over insensibly into the arioso and the aria parlante. The recitative was invented, in the latter part of the sixteenth century, in the course of an attempt by certain Florentine musicians to recover the dramatic declamation of the ancient Greeks. Its recognition as a legitimate style of composition opened the way for the development of the dramatic forms of the opera and the oratorio, in both of which it has always retained a prominent place. Its value in such extended forms is due to its adaptability to descriptive, explanatory, and epic matter generally, as well as to strictly dramatic utterance of every kind. It has been customary to introduce lyric arias by recitatives; but in the operatic works of the present century the formal distinction between recitative and aria has been more or less abandoned as arbitrary. The melos of Wagner is an intermediate form, capable of extension in either direction. Also
- n. A section, passage, or movement in the style described above.
- n. music dialogue, in an opera etc, that, rather than being sung as an aria, is reproduced with the rhythms of normal speech, often with simple musical accompaniment or harpsichord continuo, serving to expound the plot
- adj. of a recital
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Mus.) A species of musical recitation in which the words are delivered in a manner resembling that of ordinary declamation; also, a piece of music intended for such recitation; -- opposed to
- adj. Of or pertaining to recitation; intended for musical recitation or declamation; in the style or manner of recitative.
- n. a vocal passage of narrative text that a singer delivers with natural rhythms of speech
- From Italian recitativo, from recitare, from Latin recitare (Wiktionary)
- Italian recitativo, from recitare, to recite, from Latin recitāre; see recite. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“The function of the recitative is to relate the story or action; the aria reflects on the action or becomes a state of mind; and the chorus completes the thought, summarizes the situation, or participates in the action (the turba chorus).”
“Literature, A.W. Schlegel writes that the "learned and artificial modulation" of recitative is less”
“He heard from within a feeble sound of lamentation, and then some notes of that solemn and peculiar kind of recitative, which is in some parts of Italy the requiem of the dying.”
“4 Despite his general suspicion of Italian opera, Addison approved of the innovation of sung dialogue in recitative, remarking that”
“When the Italians revived tragedy in the sixteenth century the recitative was a melopée which could not be written; for who could write inflections of the voice which are octaves and sixths of tone?”
“Singing and recitation -- as the very word recitative should be enough to remind any one -- pass into each other by degrees imperceptible to any but a technical ear; and the instruments, if any, which accompanied the performance of the _chansons_, the extent of that accompaniment, and the rest, concern, if they concern history at all, the history of music, not that of literature.”
“The declamation and the dramatic treatment of the recitative were the points upon which his attention principally dwelt.”
“The flow of his verse in the recitative is the most pure and harmonious known in any language, and the strophes at the close of each scene are scarcely surpassed by the first masters in lyric poetry.”
“Add to this, that, besides the common dialect, they often expostulate, in a kind of stanza or recitative, which is answered in the same manner.”
“So the villain Argante is trying, the musical conversation mode known as recitative, to force himself on Almirena, and I guess my mind is mostly on the work I'm doing on-screen, and suddenly I'm riveted.”
These user-created lists contain the word ‘recitative’.
These come from gamma meditation ,I think.
"Luciferous Logolepsy is a collection of over 9,000 obscure English words. Though the definition of an 'English' word might seem to be straightforward, it is not. There exist so many adopted, deriv...
With focus on non-classical styles, but not excluding terms of the latter.
Hopefully, I'll be using this site for more than one year. It will be fun then to look back and see what new words I found worthy of notice in any given year.
All words spotted in 2008...
Looking for tweets for recitative.