from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. Either of two South American shrubs (Krameria lappacea or K. argentea) having bilaterally symmetrical flowers, spiny globose fruits, and thick roots.
- n. The dried root of either of these plants, formerly used as an astringent and now used in various dental preparations, such as toothpaste and mouthwash.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. The powerfully astringent root of a half-shrubby Peruvian plant (Krameria triandra), used in medicine and to colour port wine.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The powerfully astringent root of a half-shrubby Peruvian plant (Krameria triandra). It is used in medicine and to color port wine.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. See ratany.
For a cherry red use tincture of saffron; for light amber to deep brown use sugar colouring; for brandy colour, sugar; for red use beet root or saunders; for port wine colour use extract of rhatany.
The catechu which is obtained in India from the Bonga differs from that obtained from the _Acacia Catechu_ and is a tonic analogous to rhatany and cinchona.
I will state in passing that the Report for 1855 also contains notices of the best mode of cultivating many other medicinal plants -- such as the rhatany, gall-nut oak, Iceland moss, liquorice, quassia, senna, gum arabic, etc.
Resources of the Southern Fields and Forests, Medical, Economical, and Agricultural. Being also a Medical Botany of the Confederate States; with Practical Information on the Useful Properties of the Trees, Plants, and Shrubs
-- This is one of the species that yield the rhatany roots of commerce.
The kino and the rhatany root are to be macerated in the alcohol for seven or eight days; and after filtration, the other articles are to be added.
Alcohol, one thousand parts; genuine kino, one hundred parts; rhatany root, one hundred parts; tincture of balsam of tolu, two parts; tincture of gum benzoin, two parts; essential oil of canella, two parts; essential oil of mint, two parts; essential oil of aniseed, one part.
And rhatany, a leguminous shrub of South America, shows tampering with what must have been a Kechua word.
-- The following is considered a most valuable preparation: Take of extract of yellow Peruvian bark, fifteen grains; extract of rhatany root, eight grains; extract of burdoch root and oil of nutmegs (fixed), of each two drachms; camphor (dissolve with spirits of wine), fifteen grains; beef marrow, two ounces; best olive oil, one ounce; citron juice, half a drachm; aromatic essential oil, as much as sufficient to render it fragrant; mix and make into an ointment.
a most valuable preparation: Take of extract of yellow Peruvian bark, fifteen grains; extract of rhatany root, eight grains; extract of burdoch root and oil of nutmegs (fixed), of each two drachms; camphor
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