American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Any of several single-celled yeasts belonging to the genus Saccharomyces that lack a true mycelium and many of which ferment sugar.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A genus of minute saprophytic fungi; the yeast-fungi. They are unicellular fungi, destitute of true hyphæ, and increasing principally by budding or sprouting, although asci containing one to four hyaline spores are produced in a few species under certain conditions. Sexual generation is not known. The species of Saccharomyces occur in fermenting substances, and are well known from their power of converting sugar into alcohol and carbonic acid. Ordinary yeast, S. cerevisiæ, is the most familiar example; it is added to the wort of beer, the juice of fruits, etc., for the purpose of inducing fermentation. S. ellipsoideus and S. Pastorianus are also alcoholic ferments. S. albicans, the thrush-fungus, which lives parasitically on the mucous membrane of the human digestive organs, is also capable of exciting a weak alcoholic fermentation in a sugar solution. S. Mycoderma is the well-known flowers of wine. There are 31 species of Saccharomyces known, of which number 12 are known to produce asci. Many of these so-called species may prove to be only form-species. See
barm, flowers of wine (under flower), bloody bread (under bloody), fermentation, and yeast.
- n. Any of many single-celled fungi of the genus Saccharomyces, that lack a true mycelium; especially the yeasts
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Biol.) A genus of budding fungi, the various species of which have the power, to a greater or less extent, or splitting up sugar into alcohol and carbonic acid. They are the active agents in producing fermentation of wine, beer, etc. Saccharomyces cerevisiæ is the yeast of sedimentary beer. Also called
- n. single-celled yeasts that reproduce asexually by budding; used to ferment carbohydrates
- New Latin Saccharomycēs, genus name : saccharo- + Greek mukēs, fungus. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Take at least 10 to 20 billion live organisms a day of lactobacillus and bifidobacter species. (vi) A special "yeast against yeast" probiotic called saccharomyces boulardii (vii) can be very safe and effective in controlling yeast.”
“The eukaryotic micro organisms known as saccharomyces cerevisiae attack the fermentable sugars within moist grains, releasing carbon dioxide that inflates the dough thereby negating the mindfulness state previously embedded there.”
“Probiotics include both yeastlike members of the saccharomyces group and teria, which usually come from two groups: Lactobacillus or Bifidobacterium.”
“On December 9th, 1873, we sowed some pure ferment -- saccharomyces pastorianus.”
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“Many people know that taking probiotics such as lactobacillus acidophilus, rhamnosus, bifidobacterium, and saccharomyces boulardii can help with gastrointestinal problems such as antibiotic-induced diarrhea, or gastroenteritis.”
“In a series of comparative experiments, 200 grammes of sugar-candy being used in each case, we found that whilst saccharomyces pastorianus effected a complete fermentation of the sugar, the caseous ferment did not decompose more than two-thirds, and the ferment we have designated NEW "HIGH" FERMENT not more than one-fifth: and keeping the flasks for a longer time in the oven had no effect in increasing the proportions of sugar fermented in these two last cases.”
“In a series of comparative experiments, 200 grammes of sugar-candy being used in each case, we found that whilst saccharomyces pastorianus effected a complete fermentation of the sugar, the caseous ferment did not decompose more than two-thirds, and the ferment we have designated new high ferment not more than one-fifth: and keeping the flasks for a longer time in the oven had no effect in increasing the proportions of sugar fermented in these two last cases.”
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