American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Either of two diving ducks (Aythya marila or A. affinis) having predominantly black and white plumage in the male. Also called bluebill.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A Scotch form of scalp.
- n. A duck, Fuligula or Fulix marila and related species. The common scaup inhabits Europe, Asia, and North America. It is from 18 to 20 inches long, and from 30 to 35 in extent of wings; in the male the head, neck, breast, rump, and vent are black; the back and belly are white, the former finely vermiculated with zigzag lines of black; the wing has a white speculum, and is lined with white; the bill is dull-blue, with black nail; the feet are dark-plumbeous; the iris is yellow. In the female a belt of white encircles the bill. A smaller species is F. affinis of North America. The ring-neck scaup, F. collaris or rufitorques, has a chestnut or orange-brown ring around the neck. All the scaups are near the pochards and redheads (including the canvasback) in general pattern of coloration, but the males have black instead of reddish heads. The American scaups, of 3 species, have many names, mostly local, as broadbill and bluebill (both with various qualifying words prefixed), blackhead and blackneck (with qualifying words), raft-duck, mussel-duck, greenhead, grayback, flock-duck, flocking-fowl, troop-fowl, shuffler, etc.
- n. Any of three species of small diving duck in the genus Aythya.
- n. Scotland Alternative form of scalp; a bed or stratum of shellfish.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. Scot. A bed or stratum of shellfish; scalp.
- n. (Zoöl.) A scaup duck. See below.
- n. diving ducks of North America having a bluish-grey bill
- See scalp ("a bed of oysters or mussels"). (Wiktionary)
- Perhaps from Scots scalp, scaup, bed of mussels (from its feeding on shellfish). (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Call Imitating the purrs and barks of scaup is a snap with the Lohman Diver Duck Model BR95.”
“(On some divers, such as scaup, it's more difficult; use a knife then to cut a line between the skin and the meat.) (3) Pull the skin as far down on the breast as possible-at least until you can begin to see the leg muscles.”
“When busy with birdlife, more than 23,000 birds, including 28 species of wildfowl, have been recorded here - including rare types such as scaup, smew, long-tailed duck, scoter and Bewick's swan.”
“Canvasback and redheads have improved from their historical lows but even the scaup and ringbills (perhaps my favorites) have crashed.”
“Down here on the river we call scaup “bluebills” while the ruddies up North are called “ruddies” or “fan-tails”.”
“I think a scaup would be pretty sweet. scaup numbers are pretty low historically so it would be nice to get one while we can still harvest them”
“Teal and scaup in your face moving like a swarm of bees threw me way off kilter the 10 trips or so.”
“Declining scaup populations: issues, hypotheses, and research needs.”
“Declining scaup populations: a retrospective analysis of long-term population and harvest survey data.”
“These data clearly indicate dramatic declines in the abundance of several waterfowl species (e.g., scoters – Melanitta spp., lesser scaup – Aythya affinis) with core breeding areas located in the northwestern boreal forest of Canada.”
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