Definitions

from The American HeritageĀ® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Decoration produced on pottery or ceramic by scratching through a surface of plaster or glazing to reveal a different color underneath.
  • n. Ware decorated in this manner.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A technique in ceramics, art and wall design, where the top layer of pigment or slip is scratched through to reveal an underlying layer.
  • v. To produce a design using this technique.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adj. Scratched; -- said of decorative painting of a certain style, in which a white overland surface is cut or scratched through, so as to form the design from a dark ground underneath.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. Same as graffito decoration (which see, under graffito).
  • n. Same as graffito ware (which see, under graffito).
  • n. A kind of pottery made in England, in which clays of different colors are laid one upon another and the pattern is produced by cutting away the outer layers, as in cameos and cameo-glass.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a ceramic or mural decoration made by scratching off a surface layer to reveal the ground

Etymologies

Italian, past participle of sgraffire, to scratch, from sgraffio, a scratch, from sgraffiare, to scratch, from Old Italian : s-, intensive pref.; see sforzando + graffiare, to scratch; see graffito.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Borrowed from the Italian, which derives from the Ancient Greek graphein, meaning "to write or scratch." (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • The large plate you so greatly admired is called sgraffito or scratched work, sometimes called slip engraving.

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  • Used in a technique called sgraffito, whereby a thin layer of Overlay paste is applied to the glazed porcelain or glass, allowed to dry, and a pointed instrument used to scratch a design into the layer, allowing t he porcelain or glass beneath to appear.

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  • Then the master made his sketch in white, or "sgraffito" (i.e. graven on the plaster), as in the architectural lines of the pictures of patron saints in the Uffizi, and the _Marriage of S. Catherine_ in the Pitti Palace; he also put in the shadows in monochrome.

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  • I believe the clay coated board is so that you can incise or abraid through the clay to expose a white surface for fine detail, like scratchboard or sgraffito.

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  • Latex and enamel paints, black ink wash, pen and black and red ink, sgraffito

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  • His sgraffito style made him popular very quickly.

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  • Many buildings date back to the 15th and 16th centuries and are painted with coats of arms or engraved with sgraffito designs.

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  • This group is characterized by simple sgraffito decoration of concentric circles under a bright yellow-brown glaze and takes the forms of cups, plates, and bowls, all supported on a raised foot.

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  • Some of the best examples of the sgraffito technique occur when the overlying glaze highlights the incised decoration.

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  • I know a great deal on this subject as well as sgraffito, fresco and other decorative plasters/stuccoes.

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