American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A device consisting of a long suspended pole weighted at one end and having a bucket at the other end, used in the Near East and especially Egypt for raising water, as for the irrigation of land.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A contrivance extensively employed in Egypt and the East generally for raising water. It consists of a long stout rod suspended on a frame at about one fifth of its length from the end. The short end is weighted so as to serve as the counterpoise of a lever, and from the long end a bucket is suspended by a rope. The shadoof is extensively used in Egypt for lifting water from the Nile for irrigation. The worker dips the bucket in the river, and, aided by the counterpoise weight, empties it into a hole dug on the bank, from which a runnel conducts the water to the lands to be irrigated. In the cut (see the following page) two shadoofs are shown, employed side by side.
- n. A device used to gather water, consisting of a pivoted stick with a bucket on the end of it.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. A machine, resembling a well sweep, used in Egypt for raising water from the Nile for irrigation.
- Egyptian Arabic شادوف (shādūf). (Wiktionary)
- Arabic šādūf. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“The "shadoof" of today is the same in form as that used by the ancient Egyptians.”
“After it gushes from the fountain in the temple precinct, the water is lifted by shadoof, water wheels, to the gardens of the palace, or sent by canals to every quarter of the city. ”
“Our boat sped close in beside the papyrus beds; near enough for the creaking of the water buckets of the shadoof, on their long, counter-balanced arms, to carry from the fields across the water.”
“At the jetty I set up a shadoof to lift from the river a constant flow of water that I led through ceramic pipes to our own water-garden with lily-ponds dnd fish-pools.”
“It was based pn the same principle as the shadoof water buckets.”
“Counterpoise lift (shadoof) · With a rope and bucket lift”
“The mode of irrigation adopted by the ancient Egyptians was exceedingly simple, being merely the _shadoof_, or pole and bucket of the present day; and, in many instances, men were employed to carry the water in pails, suspended by a wooden yoke they bore upon their shoulders.”
“The usual contrivance for raising water from the Nile for watering the crops was the _shadoof_, or pole and bucket, so common still in Egypt, and even the water-wheel appears to have been employed in more recent times.”
“The _shadoof_, or water-hoist, is patiently worked as it has been for thousands of years; while the cylindrical hoist employed in Lower Egypt was invented and introduced in”
“In a recent London play dealing with ancient Egypt, the actor-manager exerted his historic imagination, in one scene, in so far as to introduce a _shadoof_ or water-hoist, which was worked as a naturalistic side-action to the main incident.”
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