American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Either of two times of the year when the sun is at its greatest distance from the celestial equator. The summer solstice in the Northern Hemisphere occurs about June 21, when the sun is in the zenith at the tropic of Cancer; the winter solstice occurs about December 21, when the sun is over the tropic of Capricorn. The summer solstice is the longest day of the year and the winter solstice is the shortest.
- n. A highest point or culmination.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In astronomy:
- n. The time at which the sun is at its greatest distance from the equator, and when its diurnal motion in declination ceases, which happens about June 21st, when it enters Cancer (the summer solstice), and about December 22d, when it enters Capricorn (the winter solstice).
- n. A solstitial point. Hence Figuratively, culmination or turning-point; furthest limit.
- n. A stopping or standing still of the sun.
- n. One of the two points in the ecliptic at which the sun is furthest from the celestial equator. This corresponds to one of two days in the year when the day is either longest or shortest.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. obsolete A stopping or standing still of the sun.
- n. The point in the ecliptic at which the sun is farthest from the equator, north or south, namely, the first point of the sign Cancer and the first point of the sign Capricorn, the former being the
summer solstice, latter the winter solstice, in northern latitudes; -- so called because the sun then apparently stands still in its northward or southward motion.
- n. The time of the sun's passing the solstices, or solstitial points, namely, about June 21 and December 21. See
- n. either of the two times of the year when the sun is at its greatest distance from the celestial equator
- From Latin solstitium, from sol ("sun") + stitium ("stand") (as in English solar and resist), from sistō ("I stand still"), both from Proto-Indo-European roots. (Wiktionary)
- Middle English, from Old French, from Latin sōlstitium : sōl, sun, + -stitium, a stoppage. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“The word solstice comes from the Latin phrase for "sun stands still".”
“The Welsh word for solstice translates as "the point of roughness," while the Talmud calls it "Tekufat Tevet,”
“As we all probably know, technically, the solstice is the beginning of winter in the Northern Hemisphere and summer in the Southern Hemisphere.”
“The summer solstice is a holiday that is celebrated throughout the northern hemisphere.”
“But you are absolutely right, the summer solstice is the 21st.”
“Full moons are always high during winter and, indeed, the solstice is right around the corner on Dec. 21st.”
“Public nudity on the summer solstice is encouraged by your peers.”
“Winter solstice is a Chinese festival … on December 11, 2006 at 1: 32 pm | Reply PC Bitseach”
“The word solstice is derived from the Latin sol, or “Sun,” and stitium, or “stoppage.””
“Thats right, for the rest of us mortals summer has not even begun (the summer solstice is June 21st ... thats Tuesday) but for my med-student friend SK, surgery rotations begin tomorrow, signaling the end of summer as he knows it.”
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