Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Botany A shoot that bends to the ground or that grows horizontally above the ground and produces roots and shoots at the nodes.
  • n. Zoology A stemlike structure of certain colonial organisms from which new individuals arise by budding.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A shoot that grows along the ground and produces roots at its nodes; a runner.
  • n. A structure formed by some colonial organisms from which offspring are produced by budding; see also Stolonifera.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A trailing branch which is disposed to take root at the end or at the joints; a stole.
  • n. An extension of the integument of the body, or of the body wall, from which buds are developed, giving rise to new zooids, and thus forming a compound animal in which the zooids usually remain united by the stolons. Such stolons are often present in Anthozoa, Hydroidea, Bryozoa, and social ascidians. See Illust. under Scyphistoma.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. In botany: In phanerogams, a reclined or prostrate branch which strikes root at the tip, developing a new plant. A very slender naked stolon with a bud at the end constitutes a runner, as of the strawberry. See also cut under
  • n. In mosses, a shoot running along or under the ground, and eventually rising into the air and producing fully leafed shoots.
  • n. In zoology, some proliferated part or structure, likened to the stolon of a plant, connecting different parts or persons of a compound or complex organism, and usually giving rise to new zooids by the process of budding. See cuts under Campanularia and Willsia.
  • n. Also stole.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a horizontal branch from the base of plant that produces new plants from buds at its tips

Etymologies

Latin stolō, stolōn-, shoot; see stel- in Indo-European roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Latin stolō. (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • 1 A stolon is a stem that grows along the ground, producing at its nodes new plants with roots and upright stems.

    4.1 Nursery establishment

  • If this happens you only have to cut the stolon mid-way between the nodes and carefully transplant it with its roots and shoots intact.

    4.1 Nursery establishment

  • If the grass produces a stolon, it is usually possible to make cuttings from the individual nodes.

    4.1 Nursery establishment

  • Often, roots grow naturally from the nodes on the stolon.

    4.1 Nursery establishment

  • Some grasses (e.g. dubo and kikiyu) can also be propagated from stolon cuttings1, but these are not normally used in bio-engineering.

    4.1 Nursery establishment

  • The tubers are the swollen ends of stolons arising from the crown of the plant; each stolon bears only one tuber.

    Chapter 37

  • The plant grows best in cool moist conditions under short day-lengths of about 12 hours (the production of stolons and stolon-borne tubers is stimulated by even shorter days of 10 hours).

    Chapter 34

  • The Phlox family is a numerous one, and the species are not only numerous but extremely dissimilar, consisting of the dwarf woody trailers, or _P. procumbens_ section, the oval-leafed section (_P. ovata_), the creeping or stolon-rooted (_P. stolonifera_) section, and the one now under notice, which differs so widely that many have seemed puzzled that these bold tall plants are so closely related to the prostrate, Whin-like species.

    Hardy Perennials and Old Fashioned Flowers Describing the Most Desirable Plants, for Borders, Rockeries, and Shrubberies.

  • "This much anyway," he added, holding a broken stolon in his fingers.

    Greener Than You Think

  • The first thing I saw on the Marylebone platform was the crude picture in green chalk of a stolon of _Cynodon dactylon_.

    Greener Than You Think

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Comments

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  • I wonder if the Russian word �?твол (stvol), meaning "tree trunk", is related to this.

    May 19, 2009