- n. grammar Mood expressing an action or state which is hypothetical or anticipated rather than actual, including wishes and commands.
GNU Webster's 1913
- adj. (Gram.) that form of verb which express the action or state not as a fact, but only as a conception of the mind still contingent and dependent. It is commonly subjoined, or added as subordinate, to some other verb, and in English is often connected with it by
if, that, though, lest, unless, except, until, etc., as in the following sentence: “ If there wereno honey, they [bees] would haveno object in visiting the flower.” Lubbock. In some languages, as in Latin and Greek, the subjunctive is often independent of any other verb, being used in wishes, commands, exhortations, etc.
- n. a mood that represents an act or state (not as a fact but) as contingent or possible
- From subjunctive, from Latin subjunctivus, from sub- ("under") + junctus ("joined"), perfect passive participle of jungere ("to join") + adjective suffix -ivus, + mood, from Latin modus. (Wiktionary)
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