Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A building or place of meeting for worship and religious instruction in the Jewish faith.
  • n. A congregation of Jews for the purpose of worship or religious study.
  • n. The Jewish religion as organized or typified in local congregations.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A place where Jews meet for worship.
  • n. A congregation of Jews for the purpose of worship or religious study.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A congregation or assembly of Jews met for the purpose of worship, or the performance of religious rites.
  • n. The building or place appropriated to the religious worship of the Jews.
  • n. The council of, probably, 120 members among the Jews, first appointed after the return from the Babylonish captivity; -- called also the Great Synagogue, and sometimes, though erroneously, the Sanhedrin.
  • n. A congregation in the early Christian church.
  • n. Any assembly of men.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. An organization of the Jews for the purposes of religious instruction and worship.
  • n. The building where such instruction and worship are maintained.
  • n. An assembly of Jewish Christians in the early church.
  • n. Hence Any assembly of men.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. (Judaism) the place of worship for a Jewish congregation

Etymologies

Middle English, from Old French sinagoge, from Late Latin synagōga, from Greek sunagōgē, assembly, synagogue, from sunagein, to bring together : sun-, syn- + agein, to lead; see ag- in Indo-European roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Old French synagoge, from Ancient Greek συναγωγή (sunagōgē, "assembly, gathering"), from συνάγω (sunagō, "I gather together"), from σύν (sun, "with, together") + ἄγω (agō, "I lead") (Wiktionary)

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