Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. The highest judicial and ecclesiastical council of the ancient Jewish nation, composed of from 70 to 72 members.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. An assembly of twenty-three judges appointed in every major city in Israel.
  • n. The assembly of seventy-one judges sitting in Jerusalem.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. the great council of the Jews, which consisted of seventy members, to whom the high priest was added. It had jurisdiction of religious matters.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. the supreme judicial and ecclesiastical council of ancient Jerusalem

Etymologies

Hebrew sanhedrîn, from Greek sunedrion, council, from sunedros, sitting in council : sun-, syn- + hedrā, seat.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Hebrew סַנְהֶדְרִין‎ (sanhedrín, "Sanhedrin"), from Ancient Greek συνέδριον (synedrion, "sitting together, hence assembly or council"). (Wiktionary)

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