Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A technical term of the scholastic philosophy, signifying the innate principle in the moral consciousness of every man, which directs him to good and restrains him from evil.
“Whence 'synderesis' is said to incite the good, and to murmur at evil, inasmuch as through first principles we proceed to discover, and judge of what we have discovered.”
“But the synderesis is a habit, as was shown in the First Part.3 Therefore the natural law is a habit.”
“It is therefore clear that 'synderesis' is not a power, but a natural habit.”
“Wherefore the first practical principles, bestowed on us by nature, do not belong to special power, but to a special natural habit which we call synderesis.”
“That she can believe both as a Christian that human beings are capable of forming right moral choices by reason [synderesis, or conscience] and as a muslim that they are not [niyya, or intention].”
“That human faculty for discovering the truth was called synderesis by St. Paul, a term found also in Plato's Timaeus.”
“Further, Basil says that the conscience or “synderesis is the law of our mind,”2 which can only apply to the natural law.”
“Whenever a person formulates what is to be done in some circumstance, this is an exercise of conscience, which has determined proper action from the principles of synderesis.”
“Yet, from his discussion of issues chiefly concerned with development of the virtues, it is apparent that his view of conscience and synderesis seems to draw from both Bonaventure and Aquinas.”
“It is the spark because, as the general drive to do good, synderesis provides the movement that conscience needs to operate.”
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