American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Roman Catholic Church The policy that absolute authority in the Church should be vested in the pope.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The doctrines of ultramontanes; the views of that party in the Church of Rome which places an absolute authority in matters of faith and discipline in the hands of the Pope, in opposition to the views of that party which would place the national churches, such as the Gallican, in partial independence of the Roman curia, and make the Pope subordinate to the statutes of an ecumenical council. According to ultramontanism, the Pope is superior to general councils, independent of their decrees, and is considered to be the source of all jurisdiction in the church. The Vatican Council of 1869-70 virtually established the views of ultramontanism as dogmas of the Roman Catholic Church.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. The principles of those within the Roman Catholic Church who maintain extreme views favoring the pope's supremacy; -- so used by those living north of the Alps in reference to the Italians; -- rarely used in an opposite sense, as referring to the views of those living north of the Alps and opposed to the papal claims. Cf. Gallicanism.
- n. (Roman Catholic Church) the policy that the absolute authority of the church should be vested in the pope
- From ultramontane + -ism, after French ultramontanisme. (Wiktionary)
“In the first place, it is impossible to see intelligently to the bottom of the momentous spirit of ultramontanism, which is so deep a difficulty of continental Europe, and which, touching us in Ireland, is perhaps already one of our own deepest difficulties, without comprehending in its best shape the theory on which ultramontanism rests.”
“ultramontanism" with his present state of feeling, which had been styled Gallicanism.”
“ultramontanism", soon provoked among the students an agitation that ended in a general dispersion.”
“Note 28: In Roman Catholicism, ultramontanism was an emphasis on the supremacy of the pope in Rome, who lived ultramontanus, or "beyond the mountains [south of the Alps]" from the perspective of northern Europe.”
“Pius was assisted by general Catholic revival and ultramontanism but also met with resistance from laymen who were excluded from the government.”
“Conservatism was also linked to the rise of ultramontanism in the Roman Catholic Church.”
“Anti-ultramontanism was the major dimension of reforming movements before and after the condemnation, motivated in part by resent - ment against Roman distrust of German thought, reflected in the excommunication of Döllinger in 1871 and the more recent censuring of the liberal Hermann”
“Ireland has been for the last two generations brought into absolute captivity to the principles of ultramontanism.”
“Regicide Peace_ have a good deal of that relentless illogic which made de Maistre connect the first sign of dissent from ultramontanism with the road to a denial of all faith.”
“In strong opposition to ultramontanism, Carducci in his songs evokes the memories of ancient Rome, the images of the great”
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