American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- adv. Music With emphasis and spirit. Used chiefly as a direction.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- In music, with energy.
- n. music A tempo mark directing that a passage is to be played with emphasis, spirit, vigour or energy
- n. music A passage having this mark
- adv. music played in this style
- adj. music describing a passage having this mark
GNU Webster's 1913
- (Mus.) Vigorous; energetic; with energy; -- a direction to perform a passage with energy and force.
- Italian (Wiktionary)
- Italian, from Medieval Latin vigōrōsus, from Latin vigor, vigor; see vigor. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“An appalling scheme of self-amusement is seen in his "Caprice," in which a theme of eight measures 'length is instrumented with almost every contrapuntal device known, and with psychological variety that runs through five movements, scherzando, vigoroso, con sentimento, religioso, and a marcia fantastico.”
Contemporary American Composers Being a Study of the Music of This Country, Its Present Conditions and Its Future, with Critical Estimates and Biographies of the Principal Living Composers; and an Abundance of Portraits, Fac-simile Musical Autographs, and Compositions
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