Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • An island of the West Indies east of Cuba, divided between Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Originally inhabited by Arawak Indians, it was discovered by Columbus in 1492 and was originally called Española. The western part (now Haiti) was ceded to France by Spain in 1697. The Dominican Republic, on the eastern part of the island, was formed in 1844.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • proper n. An island in the Caribbean, comprising the nations of Haiti and the Dominican Republic

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. an island in the West Indies

Etymologies

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

Spanish española, short for La Isla Española ("The Spanish Island").

Examples

  • He then sailed to Haiti, which he called Hispaniola, or "Little Spain."

    Discoverers and Explorers

  • To such extremes has this gone that, whereas there were more than 3 million souls, whom we saw in Hispaniola, there are today not 200 of the native population left.

    Religion In Latin America: A Documentary History

  • Who discredits the atrocities perpetrated by Ovando in Hispaniola, Pizarro in Peru, and Cortez in Mexico, – because they filled the ears of the Spanish Court with protestations of their benignant rule?

    Narrative of Sojourner Truth, a Northern Slave, Emancipated from Bodily Servitude by the State of New York, in 1828

  • The island that came to be known as Hispaniola was discovered by Europeans when Christopher Columbus landed there in 1492.

    CNN Transcript Jan 17, 2010

  • UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The island that came to be known as Hispaniola was discovered by Europeans when Christopher Columbus landed there in 1492.

    CNN Transcript Jan 18, 2010

  • Columbus Day is the celebration by Americans of an Italian explorer financed by the Spanish Crown to find a supposedly shorter ocean-based path to Asia but instead wound up on the island of Hispaniola, which is today home to Haiti and the Dominican Republic.

    The Volokh Conspiracy » Christopher Columbus — Hero or Villain?

  • Where is -- this is from Hispaniola, which is essentially Haiti and the Dominican Republic put together, for those of you who may not know your geography.

    CNN Transcript Aug 17, 2008

  • This storm has already taken a pretty heavy toll in human life on the island of Hispaniola, that is the Dominican Republic and Haiti.

    CNN Transcript Aug 28, 2008

  • It's been affecting Puerto Rico all day with some showers and some squall lines coming on through, but our next concern here is what's going on over Hispaniola, that is the island that includes Haiti and the Dominican Republic and getting some heavy squalls pushing in through Santo Domingo at this hour.

    CNN Transcript Aug 18, 2007

  • The outer bands now are just lashing Hispaniola, which is the island comprised of Haiti and the Dominican Republic.

    CNN Transcript Aug 18, 2007

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